Herbal Metabolic Profiling of Raw and Steamed Panax notoginseng
Poster Dec 08, 2006
Eric C.Y. Chan, Swee-Lee Yap, Aik-Jiang Lau, Pay-Chin Leow, Ding-Fung Toh, and Hwee-Ling Koh
At present, metabolite profiling is of growing importance in herbal medicine fields such as breeding, formulation, quality control and clinical trials. Herbal metabolic profiling allows direct detection of down-stream derivatives of metabolites, arising from herbal formulation process, using metabolite profiling ultra performance liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/TOFMS).
This analytical approach allows the discrimination and tentative authentication of unique biomarkers related to different herbal extracts using unsupervised multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) of the UPLC/TOFMS data. The tentative identification of biomarkers is complemented significantly by the accurate mass measurement of TOFMS and the high resolution and high retention time reproducibility rendered by UPLC.
The application of this approachin herbal extract discrimination and ginsenoside biomarker discovery of raw and steamed Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen is demonstrated and discussed.
Using Elemental Analysis For Discrimination Of Pinot Noir Wines From Six Different Districts In An AvaPoster
The determination of geographical origin of wine is gaining increased interest by researchers and federal agencies around the world, partially due to increased fraud with regards to place of origin labelling. For wine, multi-elemental profiling of macro, micro, and trace elements has been proposed for determination of authenticity. Commercial wines from different wineries in 5 different neighborhoods within one AVA show characteristic elemental fingerprints. Macro, micro and trace elements as well as elemental ratios contribute to the observed separation, indicating the involvement of multiple factors and underlying mechanisms, including location and soil composition, elemental uptake by vine and rootstock, viticulture and nutrient management, water sources, and small differences in the different wineries.READ MORE
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This method was designed in response to recent and proposed food standards, both international and national, that limit inorganic arsenic rather than total, organic, or individual arsenic species such as arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV). Analysis time is 10x faster than the current FDA regulatory method, increasing sample throughput, avoided spectral interferences and dramatically increased sensitivity. Validation data from two laboratories demonstrate the method’s accuracy and reproducibility of both wine and rice matrices in a single analytical batch.READ MORE
Proteomics and Substrate Based MS Imaging of Xenobiotic Metabolising Enzymes in Ex Vivo Human Skin and a Human Living Skin Equivalent ModelPoster
Untargeted proteomics analysis showed that human skin and a commercially available living skin equivalent model exhibit a similar distribution of xenobiotic metabolising enzymes. A new technique, substrate based mass spectrometry imaging (SB-MSI) was developed during this study.READ MORE