Quantifying Adeno-Associated Virus Aggregation
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Postnova Analytics has published an application study that discusses how Asymmetric Flow Field Flow Fractionation (AF4) coupled with multi-angle light scattering (MALS) and Ultraviolet (UV) detectors can be used to quantify Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV) aggregation.
Due to their versatility and safety, AAVs are gaining widespread popularity as vehicles for gene therapy. However, one of the biggest concerns for manufacturing a uniform AAV suspension is the presence of viral aggregates; these can create problems with transduction efficiency, biodistribution, and immunogenicity. Due to their large size, often over 100 nm in diameter, AAV aggregates are challenging to separate and characterize by traditional column-based chromatography techniques.
Data is presented in this application study that demonstrates how AF4-MALS-UV can separate and size large AAV aggregates and discern a difference in aggregate concentration due to the stressing protocol. By comparison, using traditional size exclusion chromatography techniques, the columns are often found to filter out some or all aggregates, resulting in an incorrect determination of the aggregate content or even the false conclusion that no aggregates are present.
The Postnova AF2000 used in this study is a high-performance Asymmetric Flow Field-Flow Fractionation (AF4) platform for separation of nanoparticles and macromolecules in complex matrices. Incorporating a range of FFF modules in a single integrated system to provide universal separation, the AF2000 offers flexibility, performance and robustness.