Rigaku Announces Publication of New Application Report
Product News May 20, 2013
Rigaku Corporation has announced the publication of a new application report introducing an advanced correction technique for the fusion method and its application for copper concentrate analysis.
Application Note XRF5027 describes the analysis of copper ore concentrate, with complete information about sample preparation, method calibration and repeatability.
The new correction method is a convenient and easy-to-use universal technique that rectifies potential errors in the fusion method.
Copper is one of the important base metals in the development of modern nations and plays a significant role as an essential industrial material for construction, electronics, machinery and transportation.
Global copper consumption has grown in recent decades, and mining and processing efforts have increased to keep up with demand.
Copper ore and copper concentrate contain a variety of minor elements that, though valuable as byproducts, are detrimental to quality in copper metal products and hazardous to the environment and human health.
Therefore, rapid and accurate determination of various metals in major and trace amounts in copper ore and concentrate is important for process control in both beneficiation and smelting.
X-ray fluorescence spectrometry is regarded as the best rapid, high precision analysis method to monitor ore grade copper and impurities.
For this analysis, twelve certified reference materials of copper ores and concentrates were used as references for calibration.
Measurements were performed for sixteen elements using the Rigaku ZSX Primus III+ spectrometer. The ZSX Primus III+ is a floor-standing sequential wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF) spectrometer that offers high spectral resolution and high sensitivity for light elements.
The instrument is designed to provide reliable analysis results for applications that require high precision, such as the analysis of alloys.
The fusion method is an effective sample preparation technique for accurate analysis of a wide variety of powder samples, including minerals and ores, by XRF spectrometry.
Samples are prepared as fused beads, thus eliminating heterogeneity due to grain size effects and mineralogical composition. During the calibration, all of the elements were treated as oxides.
Correction coefficients applied to the matrix correction in the calibration were theoretically calculated by the built-in Fundamental Parameter (FP) software.
In order to take advantage of the fusion method, however, appropriate corrections for errors resulting from fusion processes are required.
Possible errors in the fusion process are: weighing inaccuracies, loss on ignition (LOI), gain on ignition (GOI), decomposition of oxidizing agents and evaporation of flux.
The results demonstrate that the fusion method can be successfully employed for the analysis of copper concentrate.