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Disposable Optical Test Substrate for Detecting Harmful Microbes
Disposable Optical Test Substrate for Detecting Harmful Microbes
News   Nov 21, 2017

Harmful microbes and toxic micromolecules in food and drinking water can cause serious health problems around the world. A researcher has developed a disposable optical test substrate for use in microbial detection. The aim is to enable cost-effective detection of harmful microbes and toxins.

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 Environmental Factors May Trigger Lupus Onset and Progression
Environmental Factors May Trigger Lupus Onset and Progression
News   Nov 21, 2017

While genetics play a role in the development of Lupus, a systemic autoimmune disease that can attack any organ system in the human body, so do environmental triggers, such as particulates in air pollution, ultraviolet light and food contaminants.

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Cleaning Okinawan Pig Farm Wastewater with Microbial Fuel Cells
Cleaning Okinawan Pig Farm Wastewater with Microbial Fuel Cells
News   Nov 20, 2017

Using a promising wastewater treatment technology, called a microbial fuel cell (MFC), new research could reduce the wastewater burden. Agricultural practices, such as pig farming, produce a large amount of wastewater containing organic contaminants, malodorous gases, and other substances that are damaging to the water supply.

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Aquatic Plant May Help Remove Contaminants From Lakes
Aquatic Plant May Help Remove Contaminants From Lakes
News   Nov 20, 2017

Duckweed might help remove contaminants from ponds and slow-moving water-bodies and then could be harvested and incorporated into animal feed.

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How Food Poisoning Bacteria Campylobacter Uses Other Organisms as Trojan Horse to Infect New Hosts
How Food Poisoning Bacteria Campylobacter Uses Other Organisms as Trojan Horse to Infect New Hosts
News   Nov 20, 2017

Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common causes of gastroenteritis often infecting humans through raw or under-cooked poultry. The new study revealed how the bacteria can infiltrate micro-organisms called amoebae, multiplying within their cells while protected inside its host from harsh environmental conditions.

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Insight Into Ceria Nanoparticles Could Aid A Greener, Cleaner Future
Insight Into Ceria Nanoparticles Could Aid A Greener, Cleaner Future
News   Nov 17, 2017

Scientists have studied ceria nanoparticles with the help of probe molecules and a complex ultrahigh vacuum-infrared measurement system and obtained partly surprising new insights into their surface structure and chemical activity.

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Higher Diabetes Rates in Minorities May be Driven By Environmental Pollutants
Higher Diabetes Rates in Minorities May be Driven By Environmental Pollutants
News   Nov 17, 2017

Unequal exposure to environmental pollutants acting as endocrine-disrupting chemicals is an under-recognized risk factor that may play a key role in driving the higher rates of diabetes among minority and low-income populations.

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Allergy Amplifier Implicated in Asthma Also Intensifies Food Allergy
Allergy Amplifier Implicated in Asthma Also Intensifies Food Allergy
News   Nov 17, 2017

Scientist who previously reported that a small protein, aptly named histamine-releasing factor, played a pro-inflammatory role in asthma have now shown that it also serves as a “food allergy amplifier”. This work paves the way for blood tests to predict which patients will respond to allergy therapy, and strongly supports the idea that drugs designed to block HRF could prevent food allergy attacks.

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Simple Water Test Could Prevent Crippling Bone Disease
Simple Water Test Could Prevent Crippling Bone Disease
News   Nov 17, 2017

A simple colour-changing test to detect fluoride in drinking water, could in the future prevent the crippling bone disease, skeletal fluorosis, in developing countries such as India and Tanzania.

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After Cooking, Biofortified Corn and Eggs Retain Nutrient Needed to Prevent Blindness
After Cooking, Biofortified Corn and Eggs Retain Nutrient Needed to Prevent Blindness
News   Nov 16, 2017

Researchers showed that foods fortified with carotenoids retained their beneficial properties following most types of household cooking methods.

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