A Novel Catalyst System for CO2 Conversion
“Our work aims to push the boundaries of technology in order to establish an efficient solution for CO2 conversion."
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Efficiency and long-lasting stability
The team explored the conversion of CO2 using electrocatalysis. In the process, a voltage source supplies electrical energy, which is fed to the reaction system via electrodes and drives the chemical conversions at the electrodes. A catalyst facilitates the reaction; in homogeneous electrocatalysis, the catalyst is usually a dissolved metal complex. In a so-called gas diffusion electrode, the starting material CO2 flows past the electrode, where the catalysts convert it into carbon monoxide. The latter, in turn, is a common starting material in the chemical industry.
The researchers integrated the metal complex catalysts into the electrode surface without bonding them to it chemically. They showed that their system could efficiently convert CO2: It generated current densities of more than 300 milliamperes per square centimeter. Moreover, the system remained stable for over 100 hours without showing any signs of decay.
No need to anchor the catalyst
All this means that homogeneous catalysts can generally be used for electrolysis cells. “However, they do require a specific electrode composition,” stresses Ulf-Peter Apfel. More specifically, the electrodes must enable direct gas conversion without solvents so that the catalyst isn’t leached from the electrode surface. Contrary to what is often described in specialist literature, there’s no need for a carrier material that chemically couples the catalyst to the electrode surface.
“Our findings open up the possibility of testing and integrating high-performance and easily variable homogeneous electrocatalysts in application scenarios for electrochemical processes,” concludes Apfel.
Reference: Pellumbi K, Krisch D, Rettenmaier C, et al. Pushing the Ag-loading of CO2 electrolyzers to the minimum via molecularly tuned environments. Cell Rep Phys Sci. 2023;4(12):101746. doi: 10.1016/j.xcrp.2023.101746
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