High-Fat, High-Carb Diet a Cause of Osteoarthritis
News Apr 19, 2017 | Original story from Queensland University of Technology
Research conducted by Professor Yin Xiao, of Queensland University of Technology’s Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation and his team, in collaboration with Professor Lindsay Brown and his team at University of Southern Queensland, is possibly the first study to investigate the association between osteoarthritis and common dietary fatty acids.
The researchers studied the effects on joints of diets rich in a variety of saturated fatty acids found in such foods as butter, coconut oil, palm oil and animal fat, and simple carbohydrates – a high-fat, high carbohydrate diet common to “junk food”.
“Our findings suggest that it’s not wear and tear but diet that has a lot to do with the onset of osteoarthritis,” Professor Xiao said.
“The main function of cartilage is to seal the bone ends in a joint and absorb pressure on the bones during weight-bearing movement such as walking.
“We found that a diet containing simple carbohydrates together with 20 per cent saturated fats produced osteoarthritic-like changes in the knee.
“Saturated fatty acid deposits in the cartilage change its metabolism and weaken the cartilage, making it more prone to damage. This would, in turn, lead to osteoarthritic pain from the loss of the cushioning effect of cartilage.
“We also found changes in the bone under the cartilage on a diet rich in saturated fat.”
PhD student Sunder Sekar said the team tested lauric acid, a saturated fatty acid found in coconut oil.
“Interestingly, when we replaced the meat fat in the diet with lauric acid we found decreased signs of cartilage deterioration and metabolic syndrome so it seems to have a protective effect,” Mr Sekar said.
He said fatty acids could cause tissue inflammation in the entire “joint environment”.
“We tested a variety of saturated fats and found that long term use of animal fat, butter, and palm oil could weaken the cartilage.
“Replacement of traditional diets containing coconut-derived lauric acid with palm oil-derived palmitic acid or animal fat-derived stearic acid has the potential to worsen the development of both metabolic syndrome and osteoarthritis.”
This article has been republished from materials provided by Queensland University of Technology. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.
Xiao et al, ‘Saturated fatty acids induce development of both metabolic syndrome and osteoarthritis in rats’ Scientific Reports (2017), doi:10.1038/srep46457
Major international Summit in Belfast to Tackle Escalating Problem of Food IntegrityNews
Food-security experts from all over the world will converge on Belfast from 28-31 May 2018 for a major Summit on how to feed a growing global population - amid massive challenges such as climate change, Brexit, labyrinthine food-supply chains and food fraud on a global scale.READ MORE
Rechargable Antibacterial Coating - Just Add Bleach!News
Stainless steel is the gold standard for kitchen appliances and cookware, described as modern and sleek. But bacteria can grow on stainless steel surfaces, contaminating food. Current coatings available on the market are pricey and potentially harmful, so scientists have now developed an affordable specialized polymer coating for such surfaces that they can recharge with bleach treatments.READ MORE
Vegetable Compound Could Have a Key Role in ‘Beeting’ Alzheimer’s DiseaseNews
A compound in beets that gives the vegetable its distinctive red color could eventually help slow the accumulation of misfolded proteins in the brain, a process that is associated with Alzheimer’s disease.READ MORE