Immunochromatographic Assay for Rapid Salmonella Detection
News Aug 12, 2014
An immunochromatographic assay was developed to detect Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis in a single strip. The assay was constructed in the form of a sandwich, using 2 specific anti-S. Typhimurium and anti-S. Enteritidis antibodies immobilized on a nitrocellulose membrane at separated test lines, while the other specific antibody to Salmonella spp. was conjugated with gold nanoparticles. The test strips can immediately detect S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis specifically in a culture medium at levels as low as 10(4) and 10(6) cfu/ml, respectively. The contamination of S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis at 1 cfu/ml or greater can be detected by the test strips after 6-24 hr incubation. The specificities of the test strips to detect S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis, in spiked samples, were obtained at 100%; the sensitivities were at 98.89% (89/90) and 87.50% (70/80), respectively, compared with the conventional method. The newly developed multipleximmunochromatographic assay is the first report on the efficient detection of both S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis simultaneously in single strip. This test strip also provides advantages of simplicity and very rapid detection of these specific bacterial contaminants in chicken and can be useful for mass detection on chicken farms and in other veterinary products.
The article, Evaluation of an immunochromatographic assay for rapid detection of Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis, is published online in the Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation and is free to access.
This Seed Could Bring Clean Water to MillionsNews
Biomedical Engineering and Chemical Engineering Professors Bob Tilton and Todd Przybycien recently co-authored a paper with Ph.D. students Brittany Nordmark and Toni Bechtel, and alumnus John Riley, further refining a process that could soon help provide clean water to many in water-scarce regions. The process, created by Tilton’s former student and co-author Stephanie Velegol, uses sand and plant materials readily available in many developing nations to create a cheap and effective water filtration medium, termed “f-sand.”READ MORE
Magnetic Treatment Helps Remove ‘Off-Flavor’ from WinesNews
From vine to wine, grapes undergo a remarkable transformation. But sometimes this makeover results in vino that doesn’t taste quite right. In a new study scientists report that they have found a way to use tiny magnetic particles to remove off-tasting substances in cabernet sauvignon without altering its desired bouquet.READ MORE