Model for Groundwater Flow Provides Environmental Insights
This is a schematic diagram of the land model CAS-LSM with groundwater lateral flow (GLF), human water use (HWR) and soil freeze-thaw fronts (FTFs). The main calculation process in CAS-LSM and its coupling with GLF, HWR and FTFs: the content in the black dashed box displays the main calculation process in CAS-LSM; the details in the blue dashed box show how the scheme of FTFs is coupled with the soil temperature module; the details in the orange dashed box show how the schemes of GLF and HWR are coupled with the soil hydrology module. Credit: Xie Zhenghui.
Human water regulation, groundwater lateral flow and the movement of soil frost and thaw fronts affect water and thermal processes, as well as energy and water exchanges between the land surface and atmosphere. Reasonable representation of these processes in land surface models is very important to improving the understanding of terrestrial eco-hydrological processes and land-atmosphere interactions.
Recently XIE Zhenghui, ZENG Yujin, Liu Shuang and their co-authors in LASG/Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences synchronously incorporated the schemes of anthropogenic water regulation, groundwater lateral flow and the movement of soil frost and thaw fronts into a land surface model, which is then named the Land Surface Model for Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS-LSM). Meanwhile, they devised and implemented the schemes describing model resolution conversion between groundwater flow module and the land surface model to parallelly simulate the large-scale and high-resolution groundwater flow and its impacts.
Simulations using CAS-LSM were conducted for both Heihe River Basin in China and the globe, respectively, to investigate the impacts of anthropogenic water regulation and groundwater lateral flow on land processes and the response of frozen soil to climate change. Compared with observations, CAS-LSM reproduced the distributions of groundwater, evapotranspiration and permafrost reasonably, and well matched the temporal changes in ground temperature, heat fluxes and soil frost and thaw fronts. The results show that water use raised the latent heat flux and reduced the sensible heat flux, net ecosystem exchange and streamflow recharging to an eco-fragile region, and the active layer thickness increased 8.63 mm/year for permafrost in Heihe River Basin. Global groundwater lateral flow significantly modified the equilibrium water table patterns in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, central Asia and southern Australia, deepening the water tables by more than 6 m. Results suggested that CAS-LSM is a potential tool for studying land surface processes.
This article has been republished from materials provided by the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.
Zhenghui Xie, Shuang Liu, Yujin Zeng, Junqiang Gao, Peihua Qin, Binghao Jia, Jinbo Xie, Bin Liu, Ruichao Li, Yan Wang, Longhuan Wang. A high-resolution land model with groundwater lateral flow, water use and soil freeze-thaw front dynamics and its applications in an endorheic basin, 2018. Journal of Geophysical Research- Atmospheres, 123. doi: 10.1029/2018JD028369.
Yujin Zeng, Zhenghui Xie, Shuang Liu, Jinbo Xie, Binghao Jia, Peihua Qin, Junqiang Gao. Global Land Surface Modeling Including Lateral Groundwater Flow, 2018. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. In press. doi: 10.1029/2018MS001304.