Testing Confirms Efficacy of Amoeba's Biocontrol Solution for Major Wheat Diseases
AMOEBA, producer of a biocontrol product for plant protection, still in the testing phase, has announced the first efficacy results of its biocontrol solution on several major wheat diseases as part of its 2020 tests campaign.
Confirmation of the efficacy of its biocontrol solution on wheat in climatic chambers
Following the conclusive results obtained in climatic chambers on bean rust (Uromyces fabae) in 2019, new tests under controlled conditions were carried out during the first quarter of 2020 against two cereal rust diseases: yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis), which attacks wheat and barley, and brown wheat rust (Puccinia recondita).
These tests were carried out by the pathology laboratory of a public service provider, on young wheat plants under conditions of artificial contamination.
The Active Substance (AS) alone, lysate of the amoeba Willaertia Magna C2c Maky, showed good activity, with a stronger dose-effect relationship on yellow rust than on brown rust. In addition, different formulated products containing the AS were tested (2 wettable powders on yellow rust, 1 wettable powder and 1 suspension concentrate on brown rust) and showed a better efficacy than the AS used alone on both rusts.
A high level of protection for a bio-fungicide, ranging from 70% to 90%, could be measured against these 2 pathogens. At effective doses, symptom expression was reduced and sporulation was delayed.
First wheat field tests launched in May 2020
Based on these promising results in climatic chambers, Amoeba decided to test, for the first time, its bio-fungicide active substance in the field under real conditions against wheat diseases.
These tests, randomized in small plots, with 4 replicates, were carried out on behalf of Amoeba by accredited service providers, in several European countries (France, Germany and Italy) and according to strict protocols recommended by EPPO.
Reference products are always conventional fungicides used at their maximum authorized dose. An untreated control measures the intensity of the disease in the absence of protection and, by comparison, measures the efficacy of the experimental and reference products.
The Active Substance of Amoeba (lysate of the amoeba Willaertia magna C2c Maky) has been tested within the 2 formulated products having the best results in the climatic chamber tests (a wettable powder containing 60% AS, and a suspension concentrate at 20% AS). The selected co-formulants are classically used agents, authorized in plant protection and intended to improve various parameters such as suspension, resistance to leaching and even penetration into the leaf cuticle.
The main objectives were to:
- Determine the effective rate under agronomic conditions
- Compare the 2 formulations
- Evaluate the interest of programs with 2, 3 or 4 successive treatments.
- In situations of explosive disease development or very late onset, experimental products, as sometimes also references (conventional fungicides at their maximum registered dose), have not shown sufficient efficacy.
- In tests where the disease development (notably Zymoseptoria tritici septoria and Puccinia recondita brown rust) was more progressive, the products demonstrated good efficacy, with yield gains of up to 8% compared to the untreated control and equivalent to those of the reference.
- On rusts (yellow rust and brown rust), these results confirm the high efficiency potential already observed in the laboratory, reaching 75%.
- On septoria, the results of protection observed reached 66%, very slightly lower than the conventional references (chemical fungicides) used in the trials.
- A clear efficacy was measured on wheat helminthosporiosis (Dreschlera tritici-repentis) in a test where this uncommon disease appeared.
- Programs with 4 successive low-dose treatments are often greater than 2 high-dose treatments.
- Both formulations showed comparable performances with a slight advantage for the concentrated suspension
These results could be observed mainly on test plots located in southern Europe, given the persistent drought conditions in northern France and Germany, which are not very conducive to development of cereal diseases.
Under field conditions in Europe, the active substance demonstrates versatility on the main fungal diseases of wheat.