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Biomarkers – News and Features

A person with military boots and a rucksack.

Veterans with Blast Injuries Show Spinal Fluid Changes Similar to Alzheimer's

US veterans of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq who suffered mild traumatic brain injury from exposure to explosive blasts were found to have changes in cerebrospinal fluid proteins that are typically seen in people who develop Alzheimer’s disease.
Monkey pox virus.

Mpox DNA Detectable in the Body up to 4 Weeks After Symptoms Begin

DNA from the mpox virus can be found in different parts of the body for up to four weeks after symptom onset, according to a study led by researchers at Unity Health Toronto
A 3D model of human lungs.

Machine Learning Predicts Lung Cancer Spread to Brain

Scientists trained a machine-learning algorithm to predict accurately brain metastasis using biopsy samples from early-stage non-small cell lung cancer patients.
A man yawns.

Blood-Based Marker Detects Sleep Deprivation

A blood test that can accurately detect when someone has not slept for 24 hours has been developed by researchers.
A clinician holds an X-ray of a person's chest.

AI Model “Maps” Medical Images To Diagnose Disease

An artificial intelligence model can accurately identify tumors and can draw a map to explain each diagnosis, helping doctors follow its line of reasoning, check for accuracy, and explain the results to patients.
Brightly colored lung cancer cells.

AI Outscores Pathologists Predicting Lung Cancer Spread

AI algorithms have been used to assess whether lung cancer will spread, and they outperformed clinicians in a small pilot study.
A burning cigarette on a ledge.

Epigenetic Markers of Smoking Are Consistent Across Racial and Ethnic Groups

Scientists from the Keck School of Medicine of USC conducted one of the largest multiethnic studies to date of smoking and epigenetics, research that could eventually lead to better ways to predict smoking-related disease risk.
Various pills on a table with a magnifying glass over one, bringing into focus.

Drug Repurposing Strategies, Challenges and Successes

In this article, we explore the evolution of drug repurposing from a serendipitous occurrence to a more formalized endeavor involving advanced computational approaches and bioengineered test beds, considering its advantages, challenges and successes.
Computer-generated image of cancer cells.

Gut Microbiome May Identify Cancer Patients Who Will Respond to Immunotherapy

A signature of bacterial strains in the gut microbiome may be able to identify cancer patients that will respond well to certain immunotherapy drug combinations, according to a new study from Wellcome Sanger Institute and Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute researchers.
Vials of blood.

Simple and Fast Point-of-Care Malaria Test Developed

Rice University researchers have developed a rapid, accurate test for diagnosing malaria that is significantly faster and easier to use than traditional tests.