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Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning – News and Features

A seaside town with a beach and sea in the foreground.

Protecting Our Oceans Starts With Testing – Part One

The analytical testing of our oceans is paramount to check for the presence and concentrations of pollutants, helping protect human health and biodiversity. The resulting data can also help to ensure compliance and give insights into climate change.
Fluorescence microscopy images of vpCell Pools.

Novel Method Allows Simultaneous Fluorescent Labelling of Many Proteins

Observing proteins precisely within cells is extremely important for many branches of research but has been a significant technical challenge. A research group has now overcome this hurdle: With a novel method.
A scientist in a lab holding up a centrifuge tube.

Materials Follow the “Rule of Four” — But Scientists Don’t Know Why Yet

A new study by MARVEL researchers describes an unexpected "rule" followed by about 60 per cent of electronic structures included in large databases of computational and experimental materials: their primitive unit cells are made out of multiples of four atoms.
A close up of someone holding a book open in their lap.

Neuro-Cognitive Computer Models Make Reading More Efficient

Researchers from the University of Cologne have discovered that a combination of computer modelling, a novel training approach, and artificial intelligence improves reading performance when learning languages.
A microscope sits in the middle of sets of wires.

Nerve Cells in the Human Neocortex Are Wired Differently Than in Mice

Contrary to previous assumptions, nerve cells in the human neocortex are wired differently than in mice – human neurons communicate in one direction.
Cars pass by a brown bear with cubs in Yellowstone National Park.

Human-Made Noise Is Disrupting Wildlife Mating in US National Parks

Increased levels of human-made noise in US National Parks could impact mating, habitat patterns and feeding habits of wildlife.
Enhanced scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image of cancer malignant cells with high magnification of the cells surface

Cancer Cells’ Shapeshifting Ability Reveals New Drug Targets

Using a novel imaging technique to view cells in 3D, researchers have been able to identify two genes that control how melanoma skin cancer cells change shape – offering potential drug targets to prevent the cancer from spreading.
A windfarm.

Wind Farms More Land Efficient Than Previously Thought

Decision-makers have been reluctant to invest in wind energy due to a perception that wind farms require a lot of land compared to electric power plants driven by fossil fuels. Research led by McGill University paints a very different picture.
A fabric-based pressure sensor created using triboelectric materials and embroidery.

Keyboard or Controller? New Fabric-Based Sensor Can Control Videogames From Your Sleeve

A new study from NC State University combines three-dimensional embroidery techniques with machine learning to create a fabric-based sensor that can control electronic devices through touch.
Red blood cells in a blood vessel.

Novel Cell Type in Blood Vessels Found Responsible for Vascular Growth

The discovery of a new cell type responsible for vascular growth could allow for novel treatment strategies for some cardiovascular disease.