Intestinal Bacteria Use the Bloodstream as a Communication Highway With the Body
New understanding of how intestinal bacteria communicate with the body will help to improve understanding of the influence of intestinal bacteria on diseases and could support the development of innovative forms of drug or vaccine delivery.
Lack of Important Molecule in Red Blood Cells Causes Vascular Damage in Type 2 Diabetes
Altered function of the red blood cells leads to vascular damage in type 2 diabetes. Results from a new study in cells from patients with type 2 diabetes and mice show that this effect is caused by low levels of an important molecule in the red blood cells.
Cellular Senescence Is Caused by Irreversible Damage to the Genome
A team of researchers has shown for the first time that cellular senescence is caused by irreversible damage to the genome rather than simply by telomere erosion.
Fibrinogen Protein Interacts Directly With Nerve Cells
A team of researchers report that before soluble fibrinogen is converted into insoluble fibrin molecules that can adversely accumulate, it can connect directly with neurons and cause a damaging inflammatory reaction.
Herbs and Spices Add More Than Flavor to Food
Seasoning your food generously with herbs and spices isn’t just a great way to make your meals tastier, new research has found that it may have benefits for your heart’s health, as well.
Thinnest Ever X-Ray Detector Breaks World Record
Researchers have used tin mono-sulfide (SnS) nanosheets to create the thinnest X-ray detector ever made, potentially enabling real-time imaging of cellular biology.
Selecting the Best Placental Model
Despite its crucial role in healthy pregnancies, the placenta is one of the least understood organs in the human body. In a new study, researchers compared the two main experimental models of the human placenta.
Stem Cells Do Not Leave Their Fate to Pure Chance
Researchers have now shown that the specialization of stem cells during embryonic development is not exclusively left to chance but is rather determined by cell communication.
Tool Assesses Protein Secretability on Proteome-Wide Scale
Researchers have developed a methodology to investigate the secretability of several hundred thousand protein sequences at once. This new tool enables training of (deep) machine learning predictors of protein secretability and allows for studies on eukaryotic protein secretion.
Protecting Macrophages From Overload Helps Inflammation Resolution
New data shows how inflammatory reactions can be resolved by "rewiring" the mitochondria of macrophages to alter metabolism and protect against overloading.