ISCO and TAP Enter into Strategic Alliance to Automate Cornea Tissue Production
News May 19, 2010
International Stem Cell Corporation (ISCO) has announced that it had entered into a strategic alliance with The Automation Partnership (TAP), to automate and scale up the production of stem cell-derived human corneal tissue.
The alliance has been formed to create instrumentation for ISCO and its partners and affiliates to produce development and commercial volumes of donor tissue for cornea transplantation and to reduce the use of animals and animal eyes in safety testing of drugs, chemicals and consumer products.
Cornea-related loss or reduction of vision can be caused by physical injury, infections and degenerative diseases. In cases where cornea replacement is indicated, current medical practice typically involves a one-two hour outpatient procedure under local anesthesia using full or partial corneas from healthy human cadavers. 10 million people worldwide are candidates for such treatment, primarily in Asia and Europe where there is significant quantitative and qualitative shortage of human cornea donation.
Global efforts are underway to transition from the use of live animals and excised animal eyes to test drugs, chemicals and consumer products. For example, Europe's Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) estimates a need to spend €270M and use 160,000 animals for eye safety testing alone to catch up with the back-log of insufficiently tested agents.
In the US, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have launched a five-year program dedicated to finding new, non-animal technologies for toxicity testing of chemical compounds.
In new studies a novel oxygen-delivery therapeutic restored the function of oxygen-starved heart tissue in an animal model of global hypoxia. Unlike its experimental predecessors, the new drug does not appear to cause systemic side effects or overcorrect with excessive blood oxygenation, which can itself be toxic. Instead, the new drug delivers its precious oxygen cargo only to the tissues that need it most.READ MORE