Proteins Shown to Inhibit Salmonella, Invasive E. coli
News Nov 07, 2016
Few treatments exist for bacteria-caused intestinal inflammation that leads to diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps. But University of California, Irvine microbiologists have demonstrated a new approach that may lead to more effective remedies.
In the journal Nature, Manuela Raffatellu, associate professor of microbiology & molecular genetics, and colleagues provide the first evidence that small protein molecules called microcins, produced by beneficial gut microbes, play a critical part in blocking certain illness-causing bacteria in inflamed intestines.
In their study, the researchers show that a probiotic strain of E. coli called Nissle 1917 utilizes microcins to inhibit the pathogen salmonella and an invasive form of E. coli (isolated from patients with inflammatory bowel disease).
“Although an in vivo role for microcins has been suggested for 40 years, it has never been convincingly demonstrated,” said Raffatellu, who’s affiliated with UCI’s Institute for Immunology. “We hypothesize that their role was missed because, as our data indicate, microcins do not seem effective in noninflamed intestines. In contrast, we show that in an inflamed intestine, microcins help a probiotic strain limit the growth of some harmful bacteria.”
She added that microcins are essential for the therapeutic activity of E. coli Nissle, and her next step is to purify microcins and test whether they can be given as targeted antibiotics.
Story from University of California - Irvine. Please note: The content above may have been edited to ensure it is in keeping with Technology Networks’ style and length guidelines.
Sassone-Corsi, M., Nuccio, S.-P., Liu, H., Hernandez, D., Vu, C. T., Takahashi, A. A., … Raffatellu, M. (2016). Microcins mediate competition among Enterobacteriaceae in the inflamed gut. Nature. doi:10.1038/nature20557
About 422 million people around the world, including more than 30 million Americans, have diabetes. Obesity is the most significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes. yet about 30 percent of obese people do not develop type 2 diabetes or other metabolic conditions. New research aims to understand on a cellular level, how this separation occurs.READ MORE