Following on from their groundbreaking 3D printed corneas, a team of researchers at Newcastle University have developed a technique to create self-forming corneas. The team now intend to take the work forward to refine the technique to produce corneas for human implant.
To understand how vaccines work, it helps to look first at how the immune system works. This short animation explains how vaccines enable the body to make the right sort of antibodies to fight a particular disease.
Watch how the jiggling motion of bacterial DNA stops when a natural antimicrobial peptide permeates the E. coli membrane. This novel mechanism helps explain why bacteria develop resistance very slowly and may inform the design of new antimicrobial agents.