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10 Things We Didn't Know Last Week – 10 May 2019

List

A wrap-up of the biggest science news from the last 7 days.

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A Brief History of DNA

Infographic

National DNA Day honors the completion of the Human Genome Project in April 2003 and the discovery of the double helix of DNA in 1953. In this infographic we rewind time to explore the history of DNA and some of the landmark discoveries in the field of genomics.

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Antimicrobial Resistance: Drivers, Diagnostics and DNA

List

Combating AMR is going to take coordinated action of different approaches, such as improved public education and national action plans, greater surveillance, improved diagnostics, and the ability to harness advances in genomics and big data.

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Code of the Wild Film Trailer

Video

Code of the Wild explores the public and secret worlds of genetic engineering. Award-winning producer/director Cody Sheehy and CRISPR scientist Samira Kiani filmed for 18 months in United States and China documenting the biohackers and scientists involved in editing humans. Their team brought world attention to the secret work of Dr. Jiankui He, who first enhanced human babies in an attempt to make them immune to HIV. This story is at the heart of a revolution that will transform how we live and how we die.

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Crossword Addicts Have Better Brain Function

News

Older adults who regularly take part in word and number puzzles have sharper brains, according to the largest online study to date. The more regularly adults aged 50 and over played puzzles such as crosswords and Sudoku, the better their brain function, according to research in more than 19,000 participants, led by the University of Exeter and King's College London.

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Choosing to Own a Pooch May Be a Decision Influenced by Your Genetics
News

Scientists have studied the heritability of dog ownership using information from 35,035 twin pairs from the Swedish Twin Registry. The new study suggests that genetic variation explains more than half of the variation in dog ownership, implying that the choice of getting a dog is heavily influenced by an individual's genetic make-up.

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Surprising Role for Protein in Tuning Human Skin Color
News

Researchers have found that opsin 3 -- a protein closely related to rhodopsin, the protein that enables low-light vision -- has a role in adjusting the amount of pigment produced in human skin, a determinant of skin color.

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“Fainting Gene” Is Identified for the First Time
News

Fainting is not solely caused by external factors. Your genes also play a part. In a study looking at data from more than 400,000 individuals, scientists have identified the first gene that predisposes to fainting.

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The First Winners of the LEA
Article

The Lipidomics Excellence Award (LEA) was founded to strengthen life sciences through lipidomics. After reviewing the many high-quality submitted projects, the LEA jury has announced the three awardees.

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The Evolution of Proteomics - Dr Evangelia Petsalaki
Article

Dr Evangelia Petsalaki is a Group Leader at the European Bioinformatics Group, where her research team study human cell signaling in health and disease conditions. Collaborating with teams specializing in MS, imaging and cell biology, their aim is to make both predictive and conditional models so they can anticipate what might happen in a biological network under different conditions.

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Whole-Exome Sequencing at the Dawn of Personalized Medicine
Article

Deciphering the first complete sequence of the human genome in 2003 required a combined effort of scientists from 20 institutions and $3 billion of funding. Over the last decade, whole-exome sequencing (WES) established itself as a method that successfully balances cost and the output of useful data for diagnostic or research applications. Here, we look at how WES is used in both the laboratory and the clinic, and why it is a preferred method of choice in such areas.

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The Evolution of Proteomics – Professor Ruedi Aebersold
Article

Kicking off "The Evolution of Proteomics" series is a pioneer of proteomics, Professor Ruedi Aebersold. Aebersold's research in quantitative proteomics has helped shape our understanding of how proteins function, interact and are localized in both normal and diseased states.

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The Word on Everyone’s Lips: Sustainability
Article

Sustainability is a hot topic as the world’s population continues to rise, bringing with it a demand for increased food production. This article takes a look at the Agricultural Engineering Precision Innovation (Agri-EPI) Centre that was set up by the UK government as part of the Industrial Challenge Strategy, to innovate technology in agriculture.

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Genotype vs Phenotype: Examples and Definitions
Article

Any organism is a by-product of both its genetic makeup and the environment. To understand this in detail, we must first appreciate some basic genetic vocabulary and concepts. Here, we provide definitions for the terms genotype and phenotype, discuss their relationship and take a look at why and how we might choose to study them.

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