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Gene-edited Organoids Reveal How Deadly Brain Cancer Grows
Gene-edited Organoids Reveal How Deadly Brain Cancer Grows
News   Apr 25, 2018

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an incredibly deadly brain cancer and presents a serious black box challenge. It's virtually impossible to observe how these tumors operate in their natural environment and animal models don't always provide good answers. Researchers have now taken an important step towards meeting that challenge.

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European Ash Epidemic From Just One or Two Spores
European Ash Epidemic From Just One or Two Spores
News   Apr 24, 2018

Europe’s ash dieback epidemic could have been caused by just one or two mushroom-like fruiting bodies of a fungal pathogen from Asia, according to research published today.

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Poop Helps Track Hybrid Monkey Mating
Poop Helps Track Hybrid Monkey Mating
News   Apr 24, 2018

On the shores of Lake Tanganyika in Tanzania, Gombe National Park hosts diverse populations of guenon monkeys. A study examining mitochondrial DNA left in their poop has revealed unexpected insight into how these monkeys mate.

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Non-Coding DNA Variants Increase Autism Risk
Non-Coding DNA Variants Increase Autism Risk
News   Apr 24, 2018

Whilst the contribution of gene variants to autism risk is well-established, the contribution of the 98% of the genome that does not code for gene sequences is still relatively unknown. Now, a new study has identified regulatory elements as potential genetic risk factors.

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Environmental DNA Analysis Aids Wildlife Monitoring
Environmental DNA Analysis Aids Wildlife Monitoring
News   Apr 23, 2018

When endangered killer whales swim through the sheltered waters of Puget Sound, they leave behind traces of “environmental DNA” that researchers can detect as much as two hours later, a new study has found.

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Southeast Asian Nomads Have Evolved to Hunt Fish Underwater
Southeast Asian Nomads Have Evolved to Hunt Fish Underwater
News   Apr 20, 2018

The human spleen can release oxygenated blood cells to allow more time underwater without breathing. A new study has identified that the "Sea Nomad" Bajau people of Indonesia have evolved larger spleens that would allow them to remain underwater for longer.

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How Environmental Pollutants and Genetics Work Together in Rheumatoid Arthritis
How Environmental Pollutants and Genetics Work Together in Rheumatoid Arthritis
News   Apr 20, 2018

It is well known that individuals with a particular version of human leukocyte antigen have an increased risk for rheumatoid arthritis, but there has been growing interest in the role of environmental pollutants. In a new mouse study, researchers probed the relationship between the two.

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"Genetic Jenga" Helps Understand How Our Genes Control Our Cells
"Genetic Jenga" Helps Understand How Our Genes Control Our Cells
News   Apr 20, 2018

To fully understand how our cells work, we can't focus on just one gene, but must instead look at combinations of genes. Researchers have published a study which knocked out multiple genes, like removing bricks from a Jenga tower, to better understand how they work together.

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A New Listeria Species From Costa Rica
A New Listeria Species From Costa Rica
News   Apr 20, 2018

Listeria costaricensis is the official name given to the new bacterial species, discovered in an industrial drainage area in the Costa Rican province of Alajuela.

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An Artificial Mole As An Early Warning Sign
An Artificial Mole As An Early Warning Sign
News   Apr 20, 2018

ETH researchers have developed an early warning system for the four most common types of cancer. Should a tumour develop, a visible mole will appear on the skin.

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