Using an artificial intestine they created, researchers have shown that the microbiome can quickly adapt from the bacterial equivalent of a typical western diet to one composed exclusively of dietary fats.
Findings suggest that protein ASTN2 is a key regulator of dynamic trafficking of synaptic proteins and lend support to the idea that aberrant regulation of protein homeostasis in neurons is a contributing cause of complex neurodevelopmental disorders.READ MORE
Researchers led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have identified another way the process that causes oil to form droplets in water may contribute to solid tumors, such as prostate and breast cancer.READ MORE
When people take MDMA, the drug popularly known as ecstasy, a rush of serotonin, dopamine, and oxytocin makes people more interested than they would normally be in connecting and sharing with other people. Now, researchers have made the surprising discovery that a species of octopus considered to be asocial responds to MDMA in the same way.
Over the past several years, CRISPR-Cas9 has moved beyond the lab bench and into the public zeitgeist. Now, scientists from the Salk Institute are reporting for the first time the detailed molecular structure of CRISPR-Cas13d, a promising enzyme for emerging RNA-editing technology.READ MORE
In treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), physicians can have a hard time telling which newly diagnosed patients have a high risk of severe inflammation or what therapies will be most effective. Now researchers report finding an epigenetic signature in patient cells that appears to predict inflammation risk in a serious type of IBD called Crohn’s disease.
An antioxidant in green tea called epigallocatechin gallate has been found to have a surprising use: sneaking therapeutic RNAs into cells.READ MORE
The international trade in elephant ivory has been illegal since 1989, yet African elephant numbers continue to decline. A study reports that DNA test results of ivory seizures made by law enforcement have linked multiple ivory shipments to the same network of dealers operating out of a handful of African ports.READ MORE