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Artificial Intestine Helps Researchers Understand How Food Affects Our Gut Bacteria
Artificial Intestine Helps Researchers Understand How Food Affects Our Gut Bacteria
News   Sep 24, 2018

Using an artificial intestine they created, researchers have shown that the microbiome can quickly adapt from the bacterial equivalent of a typical western diet to one composed exclusively of dietary fats.

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Protein “Trafficker” Implicated in Autism and Other Brain Disorders
Protein “Trafficker” Implicated in Autism and Other Brain Disorders
News   Sep 24, 2018

Findings suggest that protein ASTN2 is a key regulator of dynamic trafficking of synaptic proteins and lend support to the idea that aberrant regulation of protein homeostasis in neurons is a contributing cause of complex neurodevelopmental disorders.

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What Can Salad Dressing Tell Us About Cancer? Think Oil & Vinegar
What Can Salad Dressing Tell Us About Cancer? Think Oil & Vinegar
News   Sep 21, 2018

Researchers led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have identified another way the process that causes oil to form droplets in water may contribute to solid tumors, such as prostate and breast cancer.

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Party 'Pus: Ecstasy Makes Octopuses More Social
Party 'Pus: Ecstasy Makes Octopuses More Social
News   Sep 21, 2018

When people take MDMA, the drug popularly known as ecstasy, a rush of serotonin, dopamine, and oxytocin makes people more interested than they would normally be in connecting and sharing with other people. Now, researchers have made the surprising discovery that a species of octopus considered to be asocial responds to MDMA in the same way.

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Unprecedented View of Gene Therapy Virus
Unprecedented View of Gene Therapy Virus
News   Sep 21, 2018

Using cryo-electron microscopy, scientists have obtained an unprecedented view of a gene-delivery virus, paving the way for further development of improved gene therapies.

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Decoding the Structure of an RNA-Based CRISPR System
Decoding the Structure of an RNA-Based CRISPR System
News   Sep 21, 2018

Over the past several years, CRISPR-Cas9 has moved beyond the lab bench and into the public zeitgeist. Now, scientists from the Salk Institute are reporting for the first time the detailed molecular structure of CRISPR-Cas13d, a promising enzyme for emerging RNA-editing technology.

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Epigenetic Signature May Help People Stay Ahead of IBD
Epigenetic Signature May Help People Stay Ahead of IBD
News   Sep 21, 2018

In treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), physicians can have a hard time telling which newly diagnosed patients have a high risk of severe inflammation or what therapies will be most effective. Now researchers report finding an epigenetic signature in patient cells that appears to predict inflammation risk in a serious type of IBD called Crohn’s disease.

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Cane Toad DNA Sequenced
Cane Toad DNA Sequenced
News   Sep 20, 2018

A group led by UNSW's Peter White has unlocked the DNA of the cane toad. The world-first genome will help scientists understand how the toad spreads, how its toxin works, and provide new avenues to try to control its population.

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Therapeutic RNAs get Helping Hand from Green Tea Compound
Therapeutic RNAs get Helping Hand from Green Tea Compound
News   Sep 20, 2018

An antioxidant in green tea called epigallocatechin gallate has been found to have a surprising use: sneaking therapeutic RNAs into cells.

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DNA Traces Illegal Ivory Shipments Back to Major Cartels
DNA Traces Illegal Ivory Shipments Back to Major Cartels
News   Sep 20, 2018

The international trade in elephant ivory has been illegal since 1989, yet African elephant numbers continue to decline. A study reports that DNA test results of ivory seizures made by law enforcement have linked multiple ivory shipments to the same network of dealers operating out of a handful of African ports.

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