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The Complex Sugarcane Genome is Decoded
The Complex Sugarcane Genome is Decoded
News   Jul 12, 2018

Sugarcane, the last unsequenced major cultivated plant, has had its genome decoded. Overcoming the sugarcane genome's extreme complexity, the research means it will now be possible to "modernize" the methods used to breed sugarcane varieties.

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New Informatics Tool Makes the Most of Genomics Data
New Informatics Tool Makes the Most of Genomics Data
News   Jul 12, 2018

The rise of genomics, the shift from considering genes singly to collectively, is adding a new dimension to medical care. A new computational tool combines multiple types of genomic information to make stronger predictions about what genomic features are associated with specific drug responses.

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Big Data Analysis Identifies New Cancer Risk Genes
Big Data Analysis Identifies New Cancer Risk Genes
News   Jul 12, 2018

Researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) in Barcelona have developed a new method to systematically identify genes contributing to heritable cancer risk. Their work, which is published in Nature Communications, is a success story for data sharing and openness in science. A small team of three researchers identified new cancer genes only using publicly available data.

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Alternative Gene Splicing is Crucial to Muscle Mass Maintenance
Alternative Gene Splicing is Crucial to Muscle Mass Maintenance
News   Jul 12, 2018

Alternative splicing is a cellular mechanism that allows cells to produce many different proteins from a single gene. Researchers have shown that this process is key to the maintenance of skeletal muscle, providing insights into muscle mass loss in aging and chronic disease.

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Evolution Does Repeat Itself After All
Evolution Does Repeat Itself After All
News   Jul 12, 2018

A team of University of Konstanz biologists led by Professor Axel Meyer shows that evolutionary outcomes can be predicted: In a new publication in the journal “Evolution Letters”, they are able to identify some of the factors that contribute to recurrent patterns of diversity and similarity in cichlids.

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CRISPR Helps Fight Cancer... With Cancer
CRISPR Helps Fight Cancer... With Cancer
News   Jul 12, 2018

A study in mice has exploited the power and potential of the CRISPR gene editing technique to engineer cancer cells that hunt down and attack their tumor of origin. The research could lead to promising therapies for different types of cancer.

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Blood Clotting Ability of Leeches Revealed
Blood Clotting Ability of Leeches Revealed
News   Jul 11, 2018

Leeches are still used in modern medicine, and knowledge about their anticoagulants is important in many ways, from rodent control to understanding host-parasite relationships. A recent study expands our knowledge about the diversity of anticoagulants in two families of leeches.

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Efforts Underway to Develop a Quick Radiation Diagnostic Test
Efforts Underway to Develop a Quick Radiation Diagnostic Test
News   Jul 11, 2018

Researchers at the University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix are attempting to create a better diagnostic test for radiation exposure that potentially could save thousands of lives.

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This ATM Dispenses Antioxidants
This ATM Dispenses Antioxidants
News   Jul 11, 2018

Antioxidants are molecules that counteract the damage to our bodies from harmful products of normal cells called reactive oxygen species (ROS). Now, research has found that a protein called ATM can sense the presence of ROS and responds by sounding the alarm to trigger the production of antioxidants.

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Why CRISPR Doesn't Always Work
Why CRISPR Doesn't Always Work
News   Jul 11, 2018

Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago are the first to describe why CRISPR gene editing sometimes fails to work, and how the process can be made to be much more efficient.

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