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Genes Jumping Between Species Have Driven Evolution
Genes Jumping Between Species Have Driven Evolution
News   Jul 10, 2018

Scientists have shown that widespread transfer of genes between species has radically changed the genomes of today’s mammals, and been an important driver of evolution. In the world’s largest study of so-called “jumping genes”, the researchers have traced two particular jumping genes across 759 species of plants, animals and fungi.

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Protein Complex that Shapes the Destiny of T Cells
Protein Complex that Shapes the Destiny of T Cells
News   Jul 09, 2018

Scientists report the protein complex mTORC1 serves as a bridge between environmental signals and metabolic programs to influence the fate of developing T cells.

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Single-Cell Sequencing Helps Understand Spiny Neurons
Single-Cell Sequencing Helps Understand Spiny Neurons
News   Jul 09, 2018

The complexity of the human brain presents scientists with immense challenges as they try to find new treatments for a host of diseases and conditions. But the advent of a new technology known as single-cell RNA sequencing is opening a window into how the brain works.

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European Dog Breeds Almost Entirely Wiped out Native American Dogs
European Dog Breeds Almost Entirely Wiped out Native American Dogs
News   Jul 06, 2018

The arrival of Europeans to the Americas, beginning in the 15th century, all but wiped out the dogs that had lived alongside native people on the continent for thousands of years, according to new research.

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Mitochondria Flex Their DNA to Protect the Cell Against Stress
Mitochondria Flex Their DNA to Protect the Cell Against Stress
News   Jul 06, 2018

Researchers have discovered that transfer of vital genetic information within a cell isn’t the one-way telegraph once thought, opening new pathways for understanding human disease and developing potential treatments, a new study shows.

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Update to Ongoing Foodborne Listeria Outbreak
Update to Ongoing Foodborne Listeria Outbreak
News   Jul 06, 2018

Frozen corn and possibly other frozen vegetables are the likely source of an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes that has been affecting Austria, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom since 2015.

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Whole Genome Sequencing is Contributing to Food Safety
Whole Genome Sequencing is Contributing to Food Safety
News   Jul 06, 2018

EFSA has published two reports which provide a picture of how whole genome sequencing (WGS) can be used in food safety and how extensively such techniques are used in Europe.

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Supercoil Me! The Art of Knotted DNA Maintenance
Supercoil Me! The Art of Knotted DNA Maintenance
News   Jul 06, 2018

Locking DNA knots in place thanks to DNA propensity to be supercoiled. A new study by SISSA suggests that is one of the mechanisms that could be harnessed by the cellular machinery to deal with those accidental entanglements that can compromise DNA
functionality.

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Ancient Goat Genomes Reveal a Mosaic of Domestication
Ancient Goat Genomes Reveal a Mosaic of Domestication
News   Jul 06, 2018

An international team of scientists, led by geneticists from Trinity, have sequenced the genomes from ancient goat bones from areas in the Fertile Crescent where goats were first domesticated around 8,500 BC. They reveal a 10,000-year history of local farmer practices featuring genetic exchange both with the wild and among domesticated herds, and selection by early farmers.

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Swapping Crops Could Save Water and Improve Nutrition
Swapping Crops Could Save Water and Improve Nutrition
News   Jul 05, 2018

A recent study has shown that replacing some rice with less thirsty crops could dramatically reduce water demand in India, while also improving nutrition.

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