Differential Screening Identifies Transcripts with Depot-Dependent Expression in White Adipose Tissues
News Aug 26, 2008
Differential screening and qPCR validation identified 7 transcripts with 2.5-fold or greater enrichment in EP
Differential screening and qPCR validation identified 7 transcripts with 2.5-fold or greater enrichment in EPvs SC adipocytes. Boc, a component of the hedgehog signaling pathway demonstrated highest enrichment (~12-fold) in EP adipocytes.
We also identified adramatic enrichment in SC adipocytes vs EP adipocytes and in SC WAT vs EP WAT fortranscript(s) for the major urinary proteins (Mups), small secreted proteins with pheromone functions that are members of the lipocalin family. Expression of Boc and Mup transcript was further assessed in murine tissues, adipogenesis models, and obesity. qPCR analysis reveals that EP WAT is a major site of expression of Boc transcript.
Furthermore, Boc transcript expression decreased in obese EP WAT with a concomitant upregulation of Boc transcript in the obese SC WAT depot. Assessment of the Boc binding partner Cdon in adipose tissue and cell fractions thereof, revealed transcript expression similar to Boc; suggestive of a role for the Boc-Cdon axis in WAT depot function. Mup transcripts were predominantly expressed in liver and in the SC and RP WAT depots and increased several thousand-fold during differentiation of primary murine preadipocytes to adipocytes. Mup transcripts were also markedly reduced in SC WAT and liver of ob/ob genetically obese mice compared to wild type.Further assessment of WAT depot-enriched transcripts may uncover distinctions in WAT depot gene expression that illuminate the physiological impact of regional adiposity.
Original Research Article:Yu Wu et al BMC Genomics 2008, 9:397
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