Field Pathogenomics a Defence Against Rust and Other 'Cereal Killers'
News Mar 22, 2016
With the announcement that ‘Kranich’ yellow rust race has been detected in the UK for the first time, together with an increase in fungal infection among previously resistant varieties, a new approach to disease management and prediction, Field Pathogenomics, is to be welcomed. It is one of the promising new methods to be discussed at forthcoming Agri-Tech East Pollinator “Rusts and other Cereal Killers”, sponsored by Hutchinsons and hosted by NIAB on 12 April 2016.
Dr Diane Saunders, a research Fellow in Crop Genetics for both John Innes Centre and the Genome Analysis Centre says: “Field Pathogenomics uses the latest sequencing technology to analyse the genetic make-up of different strains of rust pathogens collected from all over the world. By comparing new samples with a genetic database of 400 strains of pathogen, it is possible to rapidly identify the race present.”
Mechanism Controlling Multiple Sclerosis Risk IdentifiedNews
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now discovered a new mechanism of a major risk gene for multiple sclerosis (MS) that triggers disease through so-called epigenetic regulation. They also found a protective genetic variant that reduces the risk for MS through the same mechanism.
Antarctic Worm and Machine Learning Help Identify Cerebral Palsy EarlierNews
A research team has released a study in the peer-reviewed journal BMC Bioinformatics showing that DNA methylation patterns in circulating blood cells can be used to help identify spastic cerebral palsy (CP) patients. The technique which makes use of machine learning, data science and even analysis of Antarctic worms, raises hopes for earlier targeted CP therapies.
Ancient Syphilis Genomes Decoded for First TimeNews
Researchers recovered three genomes of the bacterium Treponema pallidum from skeletal remains from colonial-era Mexico, and were able to distinguish the subspecies that causes syphilis from the subspecies that causes yaws. It was not previously thought possible to recover DNA from this bacterium from ancient samples.