Genus, Caribou Biosciences Announce Exclusive Collaboration
News May 19, 2016
Genus plc and Caribou Biosciences, Inc. have announced a multi-year strategic collaboration where Genus receives a worldwide, exclusive license to Caribou’s leading CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology platform in certain livestock species. This is a significant move for Genus and marks the largest technology-driven alliance that Genus has made to date. The partnership positions Caribou at the forefront of an emerging market for which CRISPR-Cas9 could have profound benefits to animal welfare and society.
Caribou's market-leading CRISPR-Cas9 technology accurately targets and cuts DNA to produce precise and controllable changes to the genome. This partnership further strengthens Genus' leadership in applying gene editing technology to improve animal health and well-being. It will provide Caribou with opportunities within the animal genetics space and offers a novel gateway to apply its technology to help improve the welfare of food-producing animals.
The agreement gives Genus exclusive access to Caribou’s CRISPR-Cas9 technology for the development of new traits in pigs, cattle and potentially other livestock species. In addition to an upfront payment, Caribou is eligible to receive regulatory and commercial milestone payments as well as royalties on licensed product sales from Genus. Additional terms of the agreement were not disclosed. Caribou and Genus will collaborate during a four-year research program, funded by Genus, which may be extended for an additional three years.
Among the first targets of the program will be the further development and optimization of Genus’ Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (“PRRSv”) resistant pigs, the discovery of which was announced by Genus in December 2015. PRRSv is a devastating disease that can cause persistent infection in pigs and lead to reproductive failure, reduced growth, and premature death. There is currently no cure for the disease, which causes the suffering or death of millions of pigs and piglets each year.
Gene editing with CRISPR-Cas9 technology allows precise changes to be made in the genome of an animal without introducing genetic material from another organism. In the case of the PRRSv resistant pigs, a small change can be made to inactivate a single pig gene that produces a protein, known as CD163, which the PRRS virus requires for infection to occur. The gene editing technology used to create protection from PRRSv does not involve transplanting genes from one species to another.
The strategic collaboration and license agreement will enable the acceleration of multiple research and development projects across Genus’ bovine and porcine businesses. Additionally, Genus has invested $5 million in Caribou’s recently completed Series B equity funding round. The decision to partner with, and invest in, Caribou reflects Genus’ continued aim to be a global pioneer in animal genetic improvement to help nourish the world.
Speaking about the collaboration with Caribou, Dr. Jonathan Lightner, Chief Scientific Officer and Head of R&D of Genus, said: “This latest investment into genome editing ensures Genus will remain at the forefront of the development and application of technology to support the well-being of livestock. Caribou’s CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing platform and its unique skills are significant to Genus as they provide the capabilities necessary to achieve the next stage of our PRRSv and other gene editing pipeline programs. This relationship will enable new and exciting research opportunities that will strengthen and accelerate Genus’ gene editing capabilities. We look forward to working closely with the Caribou team.”
Dr. Rachel Haurwitz, President and Chief Executive Officer of Caribou said: “We are delighted to have entered into this collaboration with Genus, a leader in the animal genetics industry. We look forward to working collaboratively with Genus to apply our CRISPR-Cas9 technology platform to help improve animal health. We believe this partnership validates our leadership in the CRISPR-Cas technology field and exemplifies a key component of our strategy to work with world-class partners who are aligned with our vision to deploy the technology in responsible and ethical ways to solve important problems in healthcare, agriculture, and industrial biotechnology. Genus is clearly such a partner.”
As genome editing technologies advance toward clinical therapies, they are raising hopes of a completely new way to treat disease. However, challenges need to be addressed before potential treatments can be widely used in patients. To tackle these challenges, the National Institutes of Health has launched the Somatic Cell Genome Editing program, which has awarded multiple grants including more than $3.6 million to assess the safety of genome editing in human cells and tissues.