[Marker]Scientists Develop Cowpea Genetic Map
News Oct 19, 2009
Due to its hardy nature, cowpea plays a key role in sustaining food security in drought prone regions of Asia and Latin America, and particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Despite its importance, cowpea is considered an orphan crop with limited genomic references.
The researchers integrated sequence data on more than 183,000 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) identifying thousands of possible markers. SNP mining from these ESTs yielded about 10,000 high-confidence SNPs from which an Illumina GoldenGate genotyping array was developed. The researchers then applied the array to 741 recombinant inbred lines from six mapping populations and they found that about 90 percent of the SNPs appeared to be dependa ble cowpea genetic markers. About 900 of these markers were integrated into a consensus genetic linkage map. The resulting map spans 680 cM with 11 linkage groups and an average marker distance of 0.73 cM.
The researchers found that cowpea is closely related to soybean at the genome level. "A good number of genes are conserved across species," said Philip Roberts, a researchers at UCR. "By looking at a marker on a cowpea chromosome, we can cross reference it to information on, say, the soybean genome, based on the DNA sequences of the marker. This facilitates knowledge transfer between these species, so advances made in cowpea can be translated into valuable information for soybean, and vice versa."
Previous work by the International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium (IMSGC) has identified 233 genetic risk variants. However, these only account for about 20% of overall disease risk, with the remaining genetic culprits proving elusive. A new study has tracked down four of these hard-to-find genes.READ MORE