Nanogen Gains Access to Schizophrenia Markers
News Jul 13, 2007
Nanogen, Inc. has announced that it has entered into an agreement whereby the company acquired rights to genetic markers related to schizophrenia and responses to antipsychotic therapies.
Nanogen plans to utilize the markers to create diagnostic tests for schizophrenia and related conditions. Some of these markers may also help predict adverse drug reactions and therefore guide therapeutic decision-making.
“Schizophrenia affects approximately one percent of the U.S. population, with an estimated cost to the health care system of $63 billion annually,” said David Ludvigson, Nanogen’s president and chief operating officer.
“Due to its complexity - schizophrenia, like many mental disorders, is believed to be caused by mutations in multiple genes - development of effective diagnostics and treatments is likely to require multiplexed analytic methods capable of examining multiple genes simultaneously,” Ludvigson continued.
Nanogen’s NanoChip® multiplexing platform was recently submitted for FDA 510(K) clearance, along with the company’s cystic fibrosis carrier screening test.
The genetic component of schizophrenia is thought to account for 65-80% of the disease risk. The markers acquired by Nanogen are in genes that have been linked to schizophrenia in a number of clinical studies.
Unlike most cells in the rest of our body, the DNA (the genome) in each of our brain cells varies from cell to cell, caused by somatic changes. But much remains unknown, including when these changes arise, their size and locations, and whether they are random or regulated. Now, researchers have developed new techniques allowing the detection of CNVs smaller than one million base pairs.