We've updated our Privacy Policy to make it clearer how we use your personal data.

We use cookies to provide you with a better experience. You can read our Cookie Policy here.

Advertisement
New Ways To Understand How SARS-CoV-2 Is Evolving
News

New Ways To Understand How SARS-CoV-2 Is Evolving

New Ways To Understand How SARS-CoV-2 Is Evolving
News

New Ways To Understand How SARS-CoV-2 Is Evolving

Credit: CSIRO
Read time:
 

Want a FREE PDF version of This News Story?

Complete the form below and we will email you a PDF version of "New Ways To Understand How SARS-CoV-2 Is Evolving"

First Name*
Last Name*
Email Address*
Country*
Company Type*
Job Function*
Would you like to receive further email communication from Technology Networks?

Technology Networks Ltd. needs the contact information you provide to us to contact you about our products and services. You may unsubscribe from these communications at any time. For information on how to unsubscribe, as well as our privacy practices and commitment to protecting your privacy, check out our Privacy Policy

A University of York virologist is helping to analyze the genetic codes – or the blueprint – of the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19.

The findings will help researchers better understand how strains of the virus evolve and help identify new clusters of the virus.

Analyzing global data on the published genome sequences of this novel coronavirus will help fast track our understanding of this complex disease.

Genetic code


The researchers, from The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) in Australia, developed a novel visualization platform, underpinned by bioinformatics algorithms originally used to analyze the human genome, to pinpoint differences among the thousands of genetic sequences of the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

CSIRO Chief Executive Dr Larry Marshall said knowing the genetic code was vital.

Dr Marshall said: “The more we know about this virus, the better armed we’ll be to fight it. This highly complex analysis of the genome sequence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus has already helped to determine which strains of the virus are suitable for testing vaccines underway at the Australian Centre for Disease Preparedness in Geelong – the only high biocontainment facility of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere.”

Professor Seshadri Vasan – who holds an honorary chair at the University of York and is CSIRO’s Dangerous Pathogens Team Leader – is leading the SARS-CoV-2 virus work and vaccine evaluation studies and is the corresponding author of the study.

He said the first 181 published genome sequences from the current COVID-19 outbreak were analyzed to understand how changes in the virus could affect its behavior and impact.

Dr Vasan added: “This RNA virus is expected to evolve into a number of distinct clusters that share mutations, which is what we have confirmed and visualized. At this time, we do not expect it will affect the development and evaluation of COVID-19 vaccines, therapies and diagnostics, but it is important information to monitor as preclinical and clinical studies progress.

“To enable this, we are calling on the international research community to share de-identified details of case severity and outcome, and other relevant meta-data such as co-morbidities and smoking status, alongside the genomic sequences of the virus.”

Evolutionary distance


CSIRO’s Bioinformatics Team Leader Dr Denis Bauer said as the virus evolves, this blueprint becomes increasingly important, effectively because it holds instructions about the behavior of the virus and what kind of disease it can cause.

First author, Dr Bauer said: “Globally there is now a huge amount of individual virus sequences. Assessing the evolutionary distance between these data points and visualizing it helps researchers find out about the different strains of the virus – including where they came from and how they continue to evolve.

“The advantage of the data visualization platform is that it highlights evolving genetic mutations of the virus as it continues to change and adapt to new environments.

“The more informed we are about the genetic differences and their likely consequences on the progression of the disease, the better we can tackle the disease with diagnostics and treatments.”

Bioinformatics


CSIRO’s Australian e-Health Research Centre CEO David Hansen said the work shows the importance of cross-collaboration between the established and emerging disciplines of bioinformatics, genomics, vaccinology and virology.

“Following the scientific process of peer-reviewed open publication such as this one is a vitally critical component of the CSIRO’s response.”

Reference


Bauer et al. (2020) Supporting pandemic response using genomics and bioinformatics: a case study on the emergent SARS‐CoV‐2 outbreak. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13588

This article has been republished from the following materials. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.

Advertisement