USA: New GM soybean with higher oleic acid content approved
(11 June 2010) The Department of Agriculture in the USA has approved a new, genetically modified (GM) soybean containing higher levels of oleic acid. This is the first of a series of GM plants that are poised to enter the market with a modified composition of nutrients.
After clearance by the American Department of Agriculture, the new soybean is now "deregulated": its cultivation in the USA is possible without particular restrictions, as is also the case with its processing and the commercialisation of its products. In a previous step, the Food and Drug Agency (FDA) already had given the green light.
The soybean was developed by Pioneer Hi-Breed, a daughter company of the DuPont
chemical firm and displays a modified composition of fatty acids: it
contains more oleic acid – a monounsaturated fatty acid – than other
soybeans while its portion of saturated
Since 2006 in the USA, the presence of trans
fatty acids must be declared on the labels of food products. For this
reason, the food industry is interested in the marketing of products
without such acids. Trans fatty acids also may be formed by specific
Due to the high proportion of oleic acids in the new GM soybean, the oils and fats produced from the bean may be prepared and used at high temperatures without formation of the undesired trans fatty acids.
According to statements from Pioneer, market entry for the new soybean (brand name Plenish,