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Incidence vs Prevalence

Article

In epidemiology, prevalence and incidence are among the most fundamental measures when it comes to monitoring disease. But do you know what they mean or how and why they are important? This article takes a look at disease prevalence and incidence, what this information tells us and how it can be used.

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Should Infectious Diseases Be Made Notifiable? The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Article

At first glance this question might seem like a no-brainer. Surely if you make an infectious disease notifiable then you are better able to contain infection and prevent it spreading, right? Unfortunately, whilst the principle seems simple, the reality is far less so. Here we take a look at the different facets and implications of making an infectious disease notifiable.

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Microbial Deterioration of Works of Art: An Interdisciplinary Approach in the Criminology Museum of National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

Poster

In museum and archives’ collection environments, fungi are a critical artifact biodeterioration factor, whereas most infections are airborne. Typical fungal infections in museums, colonizing paper made documents, are caused by species of slow-growing Ascomycetes as well as mitosporic xerophilic fungi of the genera Aspergillus, Penicillium and Cladosporium.

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Surviving the Zombie Apocalypse Using Maths

Video

Researchers at the University of Sheffield have explained how to survive a zombie apocalypse using maths, in a new outreach project designed to highlight the importance of vaccinations.

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Danger Posed by Whooping Cough Once More

News

Whooping cough bacteria, potentially deadly in infants, are increasingly evading immunity from the existing vaccine, strengthening calls for a new vaccine to be developed and deployed urgently.

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Global Efforts To Contain Antibiotic Resistant Infections Under Threat
News

According to the World Health Organization, a weak development pipeline for new antibiotics is undermining efforts to combat drug-resistant infections.

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An OMICS Understanding of Why We Differ in Our Ability to Fight Gut Infections
News

Τhe ability of the immune system to fight off bacterial, viral and other invading agents in the gut differs between individuals. However, the biological mechanism by which this happens is not well understood, but at least part of this difference may be explained by genetic factors.

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Studies Point to Important Role for B Cells in Promoting Anti-tumor Immunity
News

The likelihood of a patient responding to immune checkpoint blockade may depend on B cells in the tumor, located within specialized immune-cell clusters known as tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS), according to researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

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2DLC in Food Safety and Traceability
Article

With so many potential routes for food contaminants, both natural and otherwise, having the tools to detect them, determine the source of the problem and prevent them from reaching the consumer is therefore vitally important. In this article, we explore how 2DLC is being implemented to improve food safety and contaminant traceability.

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Meet "Mr Christmas Tree", the Scientist Who Researches Christmas Trees All Year Round
Article

Wouldn't it be grand if it could be Christmas every day? Well, for one researcher, it sort of is. Meet Plant Pathologist and Extension Specialist Professor Gary Chastagner, also commonly referred to as "Mr Christmas Tree", a scientist who researches Christmas trees 365 days a year.

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Biosecurity – From the Horse’s Mouth
Article

"Biosecurity” encompasses a wide range of important topics, from bioterrorism to invasive alien species of both plants and animals. But for the purposes of this article, we are going to focus on the prevention of outbreaks of disease and how to minimize the spread when they do inevitably happen.

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Who Will Win the "Race to the Bottom" in the Infectious Disease Testing Market?
Article

When it comes to testing for infectious diseases, it seems some companies are engaged in a “race to the bottom” to provide the cheapest test possible. Ever-lower price points might be attractive for cash-strapped governments, NGOs and charities engaged in the ongoing fight against infectious diseases, but are such practices putting us at risk of compromising quality?

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Advances in PCR Diagnostics for Cancer and Medical Mycology
Article

From detecting cancer to microbial infections, and now even fungal infections, PCR has become the gold standard of analyzing gene expression. In this article, we explore how PCR is used as a novel diagnostic strategy to identify clinically important yeast species, as well as to detect mutations that could guide therapeutic decisions for lung cancer patients.

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Advances in Cancer Drug Discovery
Article

From optimizing immunotherapy to second-guessing cancer’s next evolutionary step – there has never been a more innovative era in cancer drug discovery.

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