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Unraveling DNA Methylation Patterns Eases Introduction of Foreign DNA Into Host Cells
News   Aug 20, 2019

DNA methylation is catalyzed by a group of enzymes known as methyltransferases, which strategically decorate DNA with methyl groups in specific patterns. In a new study, scientists have developed a pipeline that allows for the identification of which enzyme causes which specific methylation pattern.

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Taking Lessons From Microbes to Improve Biofuel Cells
News   Aug 20, 2019

Understanding proton transfer for hydrogen metabolism in microorganisms may give scientists a better understanding of how to mimic nature in the construction of new biofuel cells.

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Fighting Harmful Water Weed With Fungus
News   Aug 20, 2019

Scientists are testing a naturally occurring fungus (Myrothecium spp.) against giant salvinia to help control it. Initial tests have found that the fungus stops this problematic weed from growing and even can kill it.

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41% of Parents May Seek New Provider Because of Unvaccinated Children at Their Doctor’s Office
News   Aug 20, 2019

Four in 10 parents say they are very or somewhat likely to move their child to a different provider if their doctor sees families who refuse all childhood vaccines, according to a new national poll.

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Children With a High Genetic Risk of Developing Type 1 Diabetes Have Different Gut Microbiomes
News   Aug 20, 2019

According to a new study, genetic risk can shape an individual's response to environmental factors in the development of autoimmune disease.

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Study to Investigate Links Between Immune System and Mental Health
News   Aug 19, 2019

Our understanding of how our psyche affects our immune system – and vice versa – has been limited. A new study hopes to investigate how suppressing inflammation might help our mental health.

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Microorganisms in Poop May Help Treat Skin Cancer
News   Aug 19, 2019

Researchers from the Lawson Health Research Institute are investigating whether fecal transplants can improve the outcomes in patients with melanoma who are undergoing immunotherapy treatment.

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Helping Bacteria Be the Best of Friends
News   Aug 16, 2019

Teasing out the relationships that occur simultaneously between multiple species within a consortium of bacteria in a complex environment like the human gut has proven to be a herculean challenge. That is, until now.

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Ebola Patients Have a 90% Survival Rate After Injection With New Drugs
News   Aug 16, 2019

Two Ebola drugs have proven so effective in a clinical trial that researchers will make the treatments available to anyone infected with the virus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where Ebola has killed nearly 1,900 people over the past year.

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Genetic Redundancy Gives Bacteria an Advantage in Symbiosis With Squid
News   Aug 16, 2019

Some strains of luminescent bacteria that compete to colonize the light organs of the Hawaiian bobtail squid kill nearby cells of different bacterial strains using the "type VI secretion system (T6SS)." Researchers have now shown that the genomes of these bacteria contain two copies of a gene required for T6SS and that the system still works when either copy of the gene is disabled, but not both.

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