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Blood Cancers are Outsmarting the Immune System, But How?
Blood Cancers are Outsmarting the Immune System, But How?
News   Feb 22, 2018

Researchers have discovered how some of the blood cancers known as myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) evade the immune system.

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New Antimalarial Drug Targets Discovered
New Antimalarial Drug Targets Discovered
News   Feb 21, 2018

Researchers have discovered crucial new processes that allow malaria parasites to escape red blood cells and infect other cells, offering potential new treatment targets.

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Studying Ebola-Host Cell Interaction Helps Find Targets for Antiviral Drugs
Studying Ebola-Host Cell Interaction Helps Find Targets for Antiviral Drugs
News   Feb 21, 2018

In some ways, the Ebola virus operates like a vampire; only after it is politely invited in to a host cell does it take up the task of destroying everything in its path. In a new study researchers seek to elucidate quantitatively the biomechanical mechanism of Ebola-host cell interaction, providing potential new targets for antiviral drug development.

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Could Oil-Degrading Microbes Protect the Arctic?
Could Oil-Degrading Microbes Protect the Arctic?
News   Feb 21, 2018

Oil-eating microbes play a major role in degrading oil and reducing the impact of spilled oil during oil disasters. However, researchers have now examined the major limiting factors for microbial degradation in Arctic environments.

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Genome and Microbiome Explain Vampire Bats’ Unusual Diet
Genome and Microbiome Explain Vampire Bats’ Unusual Diet
News   Feb 20, 2018

The common vampire bat has adapted to a diet that is low in nutrients and exposes the animal to a broad range of blood-borne diseases, reveals a joint study of its genome and gut microbiome. Compared with nectar-feeding, fruit-eating, and meat-eating bats, the microbiome in vampire bats is completely distinct.

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Insulin Goes Viral: Diabetes and Cancer-causing Mechanisms Explored
Insulin Goes Viral: Diabetes and Cancer-causing Mechanisms Explored
News   Feb 20, 2018

Every cell in your body responds to the hormone insulin, and if that process starts to fail, you get diabetes. In an unexpected finding, scientists have identified four viruses that can produce insulin-like hormones that are active on human cells. The discovery brings new possibilities for revealing biological mechanisms that may cause diabetes or cancer.

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Fraunhofer and Mologic Partner on Point-of-Care Diagnosis and Antibiotic Susceptibility Test for UTIs
Fraunhofer and Mologic Partner on Point-of-Care Diagnosis and Antibiotic Susceptibility Test for UTIs
News   Feb 20, 2018

Test will allow better targeting of prescription antibiotics and address growing antimicrobial resistance.

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Psoriasis Drug Also Reduces Aortic Inflammation
Psoriasis Drug Also Reduces Aortic Inflammation
News   Feb 19, 2018

An antibody used to treat the autoimmune skin disease psoriasis is also effective at reducing aortic inflammation, a key marker of future risk of major cardiovascular events.

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Mutant Bacteria Show How Changes in Membrane Proteins Affect Cell Functions
Mutant Bacteria Show How Changes in Membrane Proteins Affect Cell Functions
News   Feb 19, 2018

Phospholipids are water insoluble "building blocks" that define the membrane barrier surrounding cells and provide the structural scaffold and environment where membrane proteins reside. Researchers constructed mutants in bacteria and yeast in which the composition of these "building blocks" could be varied and studied how it adversely affected cellular functions.

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Infection Outbreaks at Hospitals Could be Reduced by Copper-Coated Uniforms
Infection Outbreaks at Hospitals Could be Reduced by Copper-Coated Uniforms
News   Feb 16, 2018

Doctors, nurses and healthcare professionals could soon be wearing uniforms brushed with tiny copper nanoparticles to reduce the spread of bacterial infections and viruses, such as Escherichia coli (E. coli), at hospitals. Material scientists have created a ‘durable and washable, concrete-like’ composite material made from antibacterial copper nanoparticles. They have also developed a way of binding the composite to wearable materials such as cotton and polyester, which has proved a stumbling block for scientists in the past.

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