We've updated our Privacy Policy to make it clearer how we use your personal data.

We use cookies to provide you with a better experience. You can read our Cookie Policy here.

Advertisement
New Insights Into HIV-1 Vaccine Design
News

New Insights Into HIV-1 Vaccine Design

New Insights Into HIV-1 Vaccine Design
News

New Insights Into HIV-1 Vaccine Design

Read time:
 

Want a FREE PDF version of This News Story?

Complete the form below and we will email you a PDF version of "New Insights Into HIV-1 Vaccine Design"

First Name*
Last Name*
Email Address*
Country*
Company Type*
Job Function*
Would you like to receive further email communication from Technology Networks?

Technology Networks Ltd. needs the contact information you provide to us to contact you about our products and services. You may unsubscribe from these communications at any time. For information on how to unsubscribe, as well as our privacy practices and commitment to protecting your privacy, check out our Privacy Policy

Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have created a computational model that could change the way that researchers look at possibilities for an HIV-1 vaccine. 

“An effective HIV-1 vaccine has proven elusive, partly due to the difficulty of causing an immune response that can neutralize the diverse viral strains circulating in the human population,” said Alan Perelson, of Los Alamos’ Theoretical Biology and Biophysics group. “Harnessing the power of broadly neutralizing antibodies, which emerge years into a chronic HIV infection, could help overcome this challenge.”

Shishi Luo and Perelson, published their findings in the paper “Competitive exclusion by autologous antibodies can prevent broad HIV-1 antibodies from arising.”

21303972708_983e84f15a_b.jpg

They used a mathematical model to examine how broadly neutralizing antibodies coevolve with HIV. By simulating the co-evolution of multiple viral strains and antibody populations, Perelson and Luo show that broadly neutralizing antibodies emerge late in infection due to competition from the highly specific antibody response to the dominant viral species in an infected person.

In their model, broadly neutralizing antibodies emerge earlier, and face less competition, in infections caused by multiple distinct strains of HIV compared with single strains. The findings support the view that a vaccine containing a mixture of diverse viral strains might reduce this competition, reduce the number of antibody mutations and elicit broadly neutralizing antibodies earlier in infection.

Traditional vaccine design is based on the premise that infection is protective and that a vaccine should mimic a natural infection. However, Luo and Perelson’s findings suggest that a vaccine should instead present the host with high levels of multiple diverse strains. 

Advertisement