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Infectious Diseases – News and Features

HIV, the AIDS virus (yellow), infecting a human cell.
News

Novel Lab Test Detects HIV Strains in Africa, Paving Way for Global Cure

A multinational team developed a test that will help measure the persistence of HIV in people affected by viral strains found predominantly in Africa—a vital tool in the search for an HIV cure that will benefit patients around the world.
Cancer cells.
News

Study Sheds Light on Early Development of Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is one of the most common forms of cancer of the immune cells in the bone marrow. It is considered incurable. Even when patients respond to treatment at first, the cancer comes back.
Yersinia enterocolitica.
News

New Strategy Against Resistant Bacteria Prevents Formation of Protective Biofilm

Bacteria are experts at evolving resistance to antibiotics. One resistance strategy is to cover their cell walls in sticky and gooey biofilm that antibiotics cannot penetrate. A new discovery could put a stop to this strategy.
Image from an electron microscope showing how Enterococcus faecalis bacteria clump together to share, among other things, antibiotic resistance with each other.
News

Understanding How Bacteria Share Antibiotic Resistance

A study provides new clues in the understanding of how antibiotic resistance spreads. The study shows how an enzyme breaks down the bacteria's protective outer layer, the cell wall, and facilitates the transfer of genes for resistance to antibiotics.
A path winds through dense green tropical forest.
News

Herbivory Is Higher in Tropical Forests

Phytochemical diversity and herbivory are higher in tropical rainforests compared to subalpine forests, a new study finds.
A mosquito on snow.
News

Childhood Obesity Doubles the Risk of Hospitalization for Dengue Virus Infection

Obesity in children is associated with double the risk of hospitalization for dengue virus infection, according to a study yesterday in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.
Antibodies fighting viruses.
News

Powerful Imaging Technique Shows How a Promising Antibody Neutralizes the Measles Virus

Researchers at LJI and Columbia University uncover exactly how a neutralizing antibody blocks measles virus infection
A white and blue strand of DNA.
News

Gene Therapy Halts Progression of Young Boy’s Rare Genetic Condition

Gene therapy has slowed the progression of an "ultra-rare" progressive neurodegenerative disorder.
Cancer cells.
News

Novel Combination Makes Cancer-Fighting Viral Agent More Effective

Researchers from Aarhus University have made a significant breakthrough by discovering that the drug 4-OI can enhance the effectiveness of a cancer-fighting viral agent. This may lead to treatment of cancers that are otherwise resistant to therapies.
A medical professional prepares to administer a vaccination.
News

Vaccination Associated With Reduced Memory Loss From COVID-19 Infection

According to a study, prior vaccination is linked to reduced inflammation of the brain and less of an impact on memory and brain function following COVID-19 infection.

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