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Database of Food Chemical Hazards Expanded
Database of Food Chemical Hazards Expanded
News   Jul 24, 2018

EFSA’s OpenFoodTox database on chemical hazards now includes data on over 4,750 chemical substances following the addition of 321 substances, and features an improved user interface.

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Foundations Laid for Next-Generation Forensic DNA Profiling
Foundations Laid for Next-Generation Forensic DNA Profiling
News   Jul 24, 2018

Scientists have laid the statistical foundation for calculating match statistics when using Next Generation Sequencing, which produces forensic DNA profiles that can be more useful in solving some crimes.

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If Only A.I. Had a Brain
If Only A.I. Had a Brain
News   Jul 24, 2018

A team of researchers from Pitt’s Swanson School of Engineering have developed an “artificial synapse” that does not process information like a digital computer but rather mimics the analog way the human brain completes tasks.

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Iris Scanner Can Distinguish Dead Eyeballs From Living Ones
Iris Scanner Can Distinguish Dead Eyeballs From Living Ones
News   Jul 24, 2018

A new machine-vision system can distinguish between dead irises and live ones.

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NIH Clinical Center Releases Data Trove of 32,000 CT Images
NIH Clinical Center Releases Data Trove of 32,000 CT Images
News   Jul 23, 2018

The National Institutes of Health’s Clinical Center has made a large-scale dataset of CT images publicly available to help the scientific community improve detection accuracy of lesions. While most publicly available medical image datasets have less than a thousand lesions, this dataset, named DeepLesion, has over 32,000.

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Eagle-Eyed Machine Learning Algorithm Outdoes Human Experts
Eagle-Eyed Machine Learning Algorithm Outdoes Human Experts
News   Jul 23, 2018

A new approach to machine learning enables AI to make the rules.

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Poor Air Quality Concern in National Parks
Poor Air Quality Concern in National Parks
News   Jul 23, 2018

More than 300 million visitors travel to U.S. national parks every year to experience America’s iconic landscapes. But poor air quality in parks may negatively affect visitation, according to a study.

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Doctors Rely on More Than Just Data During a Diagnosis
Doctors Rely on More Than Just Data During a Diagnosis
News   Jul 20, 2018

Computer scientists examine how a doctor’s “gut feeling” influences how many tests they order for patients

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Researchers Move Closer to Completely Optical Artificial Neural Network
Researchers Move Closer to Completely Optical Artificial Neural Network
News   Jul 20, 2018

Researchers have shown that it is possible to train artificial neural networks directly on an optical chip. The significant breakthrough demonstrates that an optical circuit can perform a critical function of an electronics-based artificial neural network and could lead to less expensive, faster and more energy efficient ways to perform complex tasks such as speech or image recognition.

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Analytical Tool Predicts Disease-Causing Genes
Analytical Tool Predicts Disease-Causing Genes
News   Jul 20, 2018

Predicting genes that can cause disease due to the production of truncated or altered proteins that take on a new or different function, rather than those that lose their function, is now possible thanks to an international team of researchers that has developed a new analytical tool to effectively and efficiently predict such candidate genes.

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