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Where Deep Learning Meets Metamaterials
Where Deep Learning Meets Metamaterials
News   Oct 25, 2018

Deep learning techniques have helped researchers at Tel Aviv University streamline the process of designing and characterizing basic nanophotonic, metamaterial elements, which could help these materials realize their potential in application from remote nanoscale sensing to energy harvesting and medical diagnostics.

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Brain Training App Helps Reduce OCD Symptoms
Brain Training App Helps Reduce OCD Symptoms
News   Oct 25, 2018

A ‘brain training’ app developed at the University of Cambridge could help people who suffer from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) manage their symptoms, which may typically include excessive handwashing and contamination fears.

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The Building Blocks of an Electronic Brain
The Building Blocks of an Electronic Brain
News   Oct 22, 2018

Computer bits are binary, with a value of 0 or 1. By contrast, neurons in the brain can have all kinds of different internal states, depending on the input that they received. This allows the brain to process information in a more energy-efficient manner than a computer. A new study hopes to bring the two closer together.

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Electronic Medical Records Show Promise in Reducing Unnecessary Testing
Electronic Medical Records Show Promise in Reducing Unnecessary Testing
News   Oct 22, 2018

Upon implementing electronic medical record-based interventions, Boston Medical Center reduced unnecessary diagnostic testing and increased the use of postoperative order sets, two markers of providing high-value medical care.

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Cryptographic Protocol Enables Greater Collaboration in Drug Discovery
Cryptographic Protocol Enables Greater Collaboration in Drug Discovery
News   Oct 19, 2018

MIT researchers have developed a cryptographic system that could help neural networks identify promising drug candidates in massive pharmacological datasets, while keeping the data private. Secure computation done at such a massive scale could enable broad pooling of sensitive pharmacological data for predictive drug discovery.

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Simulated Brain Models Help Understand Language Ability
Simulated Brain Models Help Understand Language Ability
News   Oct 18, 2018

The architecture of each person’s brain is unique, and differences may influence how quickly people can complete various cognitive tasks.o learn more, scientists are developing a new tool — computational models of the brain — to simulate how the structure of the brain may impact brain activity and, ultimately, human behavior.

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New File Type Aims to Secure Genomic Data
New File Type Aims to Secure Genomic Data
News   Oct 18, 2018

Based on an analysis of data leakages and opportunities to prevent the potential misuse of genetic information, researchers have developed a new file format for functional genomics data that enables data sharing while protecting the personal information of research participants.

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Virtual Reality Shows We Eat with Our Eyes
Virtual Reality Shows We Eat with Our Eyes
News   Oct 16, 2018

Humans not only relish the sweet, savory and saltiness of foods, but they are influenced by the environment in which they eat.

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Deep Learning Catches Out False Positive Mammograms
Deep Learning Catches Out False Positive Mammograms
News   Oct 12, 2018

An artificial intelligence (AI) approach based on deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN) could identify nuanced mammographic imaging features specific for recalled but benign (false-positive) mammograms and distinguish such mammograms from those identified as malignant or negative.

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Social Media Data Used to Predict Retail Failure
Social Media Data Used to Predict Retail Failure
News   Oct 11, 2018

Researchers have used a combination of social media and transport data to predict the likelihood that a given retail business will succeed or fail.

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