Micro-grippers Steered Through Pacman-like Virtual Maze
Figure 1 of article depicting the PacMan™-like maze. Credit: Ongaro et al (2017)
Micro-grippers may be able to navigate unstructured environments and could help reduce risk during surgeries, according to a study published December 13, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Federico Ongaro from the University of Twente, The Netherlands and colleagues.
Microrobotic technologies such as micro-grippers could potentially help grasp and manipulate objects in unstructured microscopic environments. For example, wireless micro-grippers that are powered by the heat of their surroundings might navigate blood vessels more precisely than current medical devices, which must be tethered to a power source, and this could potentially reduce risk during some surgeries.
The researchers created four different types of heat-powered micro-grippers, of differing shapes and sizes but all less than a millimeter long. They tested how each navigated a virtual PacMan™-like environment filled with obstacles. Their model showed that the micro-grippers could navigate the virtual maze at up to 3.4 body-lengths per second and that the length, volume and shape of the gripper were important characteristics for navigating the maze successfully. Their analysis suggested that three of the designs might theoretically be capable of moving against the blood-flow in capillaries, which averages 0.3 mm/s.
While these results are specific to the chosen designs, they provide quantitative data for future designers to construct micro-grippers to suit their needs. The researchers next hope to explore how their grippers navigate blood flow in a three-dimensional environment. "This work demonstrates autonomous planning and control of magnetic micro-grippers in PacMan™-like mazes," states Ongaro. "The applications for this work are in minimally invasive surgery and micro-manipulation."
This article has been republished from materials provided by PLOS ONE. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.
Ongaro, F., Scheggi, S., Ghosh, A., Denasi, A., Gracias, D. H., & Misra, S. (2017). Design, characterization and control of thermally-responsive and magnetically-actuated micro-grippers at the air-water interface. Plos One, 12(12). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0187441
Researchers Democratize Neuroscience by Making it Easier to Share Brain Imaging DataNews
Researchers have developed a set of tools to make one critical area of big data research — that of our central nervous system — easier to share.READ MORE
Comet "Chury's" Late BirthNews
Comets which consist of two parts, like Chury, can form after a catastrophic collision of larger bodies. Such collisions may have taken place in a later phase of our solar system, which suggests that Chury can be much younger than previously assumed. This is shown through computer simulations.READ MORE
Comments | 0 ADD COMMENT
World Congress on Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Sep 10 - Sep 11, 2018
10th International Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography
Oct 08 - Oct 09, 2018