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Gentle Method Unlocks the Mysteries of the Deep Brain
News   Feb 28, 2019

Researchers at UNIGE have successfully demonstrated that electroencephalography can be used to accurately study activity in the deep areas of the brain. The way is now open to understanding how these regions interact with other parts of the brain for developing appropriate treatments following dysfunction.

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Researchers "Bait" Proteins Behind Neurodegeneration
News   Feb 28, 2019

A single misbehaving protein – called TDP-43 – is behind 97 percent of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases and 45 percent of frontotemporal dementia diagnoses. It also is found in 80 percent of chronic traumatic encephalopathy and 60 percent of Alzheimer’s disease cases. Now, researchers have found a way to trap TDP-43 so it doesn’t form toxic clumps that can cause neurodegeneration.

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Ramping Up Proteasomes in Muscle and Liver Cells
News   Feb 27, 2019

Hormones and conditions that raise cAMP rapidly enhance the cells' capacity to eliminate damaged and preexistent regulatory proteins.

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Hungry Hungry... Worms?
News   Feb 27, 2019

The microscopic roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans, or C. elegans, is known to spend up to 20 minutes seeking out snacks in its immediate surroundings before endeavoring to look elsewhere. Now, Rockefeller scientists have identified circuits in the C. elegans brain that underlie this behavior, showing that this response can be triggered by either smell- or touch-related cues.

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Bird Brain: Parrot Passes Classic Intelligence Test
News   Feb 27, 2019

A new study shows the African grey can perform some cognitive tasks at levels beyond that of 5-year-old humans. The results not only suggest that humans aren’t the only species capable of making complex inferences, but also point to flaws in a widely used test of animal intelligence.

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The Hidden Role of "Silent" Brain Cells
News   Feb 27, 2019

Brain cells recorded as among the least electrically active during a specific task may be the most important for doing it right. Results of new experiments in rodents, led by neuroscientists at NYU School of Medicine, challenge the assumption in brain research that the most active brain cells, or neurons, involved in any complex activity are also the most important in controlling that behavior.

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Face It, Our Faces Don’t Always Reveal Our True Emotions
News   Feb 27, 2019

When it comes to reading a person’s state of mind, visual context — as in background and action — is just as important as facial expressions and body language, according to a new study from UC Berkeley.

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Silver Lining for Parkinson's Trial, Despite No Clinical Benefit
News   Feb 27, 2019

The pioneering clinical trials program delivered an experimental treatment directly to the brain. The trial results offer hope that it may be possible to restore the cells damaged in Parkinson’s.

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Uncovering the Neural Mechanisms of Developmental Dyslexia
News   Feb 27, 2019

Many scientists think that the cause of dyslexia is a dysfunctional processing of auditory speech. However, the reasons for these alterations in speech processing remain unknown. A long-standing assumption is that developmental dyslexia is caused by dysfunction of structures in the cerebral cortex. New research shows that people with dyslexia have a weakly developed structure that is not located in the cerebral cortex, but at a subcortical processing stage.

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Conspiracy Theory Believers Are More Likely to Engage in Low-level Crime
News   Feb 26, 2019

People who believe in conspiracy theories – such as the theory that Princess Diana was murdered by the British establishment - are more likely to accept or engage in everyday criminal activity. That’s the main finding from new research by psychologists at the universities of Kent and Staffordshire into the wider impact that conspiracy beliefs can have on behaviour.



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