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Study investigates the significance of the vestibular system for optimization of motor coordination

When we shift the direction of our gaze, head and eye movements are normally highly coordinated with each other. Indeed, from the many possible combinations of speed and duration for such movements, the brain chooses the one that minimizes the error in reaching the intended line of sight.
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New discoveries place lack of energy at the basis of Parkinson’s Disease

Neuroscientists have demonstrated how a defect in the gene Pink1 results in Parkinson’s disease (PD). By mapping this process at a molecular level, they have provided the ultimate proof that a deficient energy production process in cells can result in Parkinson’s disease.
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Electric 'thinking cap' controls learning speed

Caffeine-fueled cram sessions are routine occurrences on any college campus. But what if there was a better, safer way to learn new or difficult material more quickly? What if "thinking caps" were real?
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In rats, diffuse brain damage can occur with no signs of 'concussion,' reports study in Neurosurgery

A standard experimental model of concussion in rats causes substantial brain damage- but no behavioral changes comparable to those seen in patients with concussion, reports a study in the April issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.
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The gene family linked to brain evolution is implicated in severity of autism symptoms

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Humans can distinguish at least one trillion different odors

In a world perfumed by freshly popped popcorn and exhaust fumes, where sea breezes can mingle with the scents of sweet flowers or wet paint, new research shows that humans are capable of discriminating at least one trillion different odors.
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Stem cell combination therapy improves traumatic brain injury outcomes according to study

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI), sustained by close to 2 million Americans annually, including military personnel, are debilitating and devastating for patients and their families. Regardless of severity, those with TBI can suffer a range of motor, behavioral, intellectual and cognitive disabilities over the short or long term.
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The Aging Brain Needs REST

Why do neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s affect only the elderly? Why do some people live to be over 100 with intact cognitive function while others develop dementia decades earlier?
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New study examines association of cognitive function with oral perception in independently-living octogenarians

Results suggest that the decline of cognitive function is related to tactile and taste perceptions in independently-living 80-year-olds without dementia.
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Anti-anxiety drugs might rebalance autistic brain

A well-known class of drugs used to treat anxiety and epileptic seizures might provide a new therapeutic approach to managing autism. This prediction is based on mouse studies reported in the March 19 issue of the CELL journal Neuron.
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