A New Antibody Therapy for Muscular Dystrophy
Northwestern Medicine scientists have developed an antibody that they believe can be used to treat muscular dystrophy, findings that were published in Science Translational Medicine.
Brain Molecule Could Restore Neuronal Sheath Lost in Multiple Sclerosis
An immunological molecule called fractalkine can boost the production of brain cells that produce myelin, a key factor in diseases such as multiple sclerosis, according to recent research from the University of Alberta.
Possible Link Found Between Herpes Simplex Virus and Neurodegenerative Diseases
In a “first of its kind” study, researchers found a potential direct connection between neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), glaucoma and the herpesvirus.
Cows Are Potty Trained To Reduce Ammonia Emissions
In order to reduce ammonia emissions associated with cow excretion, researchers have developed a method known as "MooLoo" that successfully potty trains cows.
Social Skills Give Squirrels an Advantage
A study is the first to document personality in golden-mantled ground squirrels, which are common across the western U.S. and parts of Canada. The study found the squirrels show personality for four main traits: boldness, aggressiveness, activity level and sociability.
Disrupting the Motor Cortex Has an Unexpected Impact on Translation
The motor cortex is a brain region known to control the body’s voluntary movements. However, the team of neuroscientists have now shown that it can also help translating foreign language words into one’s native language.
What Keeps Our Brain in Cognitive Control?
The faculty that allows people to make plans or goals, and carry them out without losing focus, is called cognitive control. A new study has set out to answer long-standing questions about how cognitive control varies between individuals.
33 Blood Metabolites Differ in Dementia
Scientists in Japan have identified metabolic compounds within the blood that are associated with dementia. The study revealed that the levels of 33 metabolites differed in patients with dementia, compared to elderly people with no existing health conditions.
Cellular Blueprint of Multiple Sclerosis Lesions Created
Using brain tissue from humans, researchers at the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke built a detailed cellular map of chronic MS lesions, identifying genes that play a critical role in lesion repair and revealing potential new therapeutic targets for progressive MS.
Gene Findings Advance Understanding of Rare Brain Disease Holoprosencephaly
If the cerebral hemispheres of the forebrain fail to divide properly in an unborn child, this results in holoprosencephaly. An MDC team led by Annette Hammes has discovered candidate genes that can positively influence the severity of this congenital malformation of the forebrain.