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Scientists Uncover Brain Circuits Behind Putting up a Fight or Freezing
Scientists Uncover Brain Circuits Behind Putting up a Fight or Freezing
News   May 14, 2018

Scientists show that the ventral midline thalamus was activated when mice were confronted with a threat, specifically a looming spot, mimicking the experience of a predator looming over them.

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Researchers Call for Routine Genetic Screening of Childhood Brain Cancer
Researchers Call for Routine Genetic Screening of Childhood Brain Cancer
News   May 14, 2018

An international team of researchers has summarized hereditary gene defects which can trigger the development of certain malignant brain tumors (medulloblastoma). From their findings, the team has derived recommendations for routine genetic screening in medulloblastoma patients.

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Brainstem Susceptibility to Viral Infection Linked to Mutation
Brainstem Susceptibility to Viral Infection Linked to Mutation
News   May 14, 2018

A group of scientists have discovered a link between a genetic mutation and a rare condition in which a common virus enters the brainstem and causes brain swelling.

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3 Pre-Eminent Neuroscientists Share 2018 Gruber Award For Pioneering Work on the Basal Ganglia
3 Pre-Eminent Neuroscientists Share 2018 Gruber Award For Pioneering Work on the Basal Ganglia
News   May 14, 2018

The prize, which includes a $500,000 award, will be presented to Graybiel, Hikosaka, and Schultz on November 4 in San Diego, California, at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

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Ultrasound Helmet Could Revolutionise Brain Imaging, Brain Machine Interface
Ultrasound Helmet Could Revolutionise Brain Imaging, Brain Machine Interface
News   May 11, 2018

Ultrasound technology for the brain could mean real-time images during surgery, a better idea of which areas get stimulated by certain feelings or actions and, ultimately, an effective way for people to control software and robotics by thinking about it.

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Scientists Find First Evidence Animals Can Mentally Replay Memories
Scientists Find First Evidence Animals Can Mentally Replay Memories
News   May 11, 2018

Neuroscientists report the first evidence that non-human animals can mentally replay past events from memory.

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Microfluidic Device Captures Extracellular Vesicles Shed by Brain Tumors
Microfluidic Device Captures Extracellular Vesicles Shed by Brain Tumors
News   May 11, 2018

Because needle biopsies of brain tumors are invasive and difficult, bioengineers supported by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) have developed micro-technologies that capture extracellular vesicles (EVs) released by the tumor.

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Paradoxical Changes in Hippocampal Neurons Underlies Parkinson's, Dementia
Paradoxical Changes in Hippocampal Neurons Underlies Parkinson's, Dementia
News   May 11, 2018

Researchers describe changes in hippocampal neurons early afterpathogenic alpha-synuclein aggregates begin to appear.

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Parkinson's Protein Changes Shape Depending on Cell Type
Parkinson's Protein Changes Shape Depending on Cell Type
News   May 10, 2018

Different Parkinson’s-related brain disorders, called synucleinopathies, are characterized by misfolded proteins embedded in cells. New research suggests that relationships between cell type and the pathological protein may dictate how the disease progresses.

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X-ray Laser Opens New View on Alzheimer Proteins
X-ray Laser Opens New View on Alzheimer Proteins
News   May 10, 2018

A new experimental method permits the X-ray analysis of amyloids, a class of large, filamentous biomolecules which are an important hallmark of diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

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