Antibody Treatment Could Prevent Long-Term Effects of Brain Injury
In a new study, researchers identified a specific molecule in a part of the brain called the thalamus that plays a key role in secondary effects of brain injury, such as sleep disruption, epileptic activity, and inflammation. They also showed that an antibody treatment could prevent the development of these negative outcomes.
Office Air Quality May Impact Employee Performance
The air quality within an office can have significant impacts on employees’ cognitive function, including response times and ability to focus, and it may also affect their productivity, according to new research.
Polygenic Risk Scores No Better Than Written Reports for Predicting Schizophrenia
Researchers went through the genetic and medical records of more than 8,000 schizophrenia patients. They found that a tool commonly used in research for evaluating a person’s genetic risk for a disease, called a polygenic risk score, was no better at predicting the outcome of a patient’s disease over time than written reports.
Movie-Watching Mice Reveal Reliable Vision in the Brain
As mice watched movies, scientists watched their brains to see how vision could be represented reliably. The answer is that consistency in representation is governed by a circuit of inhibitory neurons.
Sleep-Time Recovery Associated With Better Diet and Lower Alcohol Consumption
Good sleep-time recovery is associated with a health-promoting diet and health-promoting eating habits, as well as with lower consumption of alcohol, according to a new study investigating psychological and physiological well-being among working-age Finnish adults.
Massages Stones Help Reveal How the Prefrontal Cortex Integrates Our Senses
An image of a beautiful beach conjures up certain sensations – one can imagine the warmth of the sun as it caresses the skin, and the sound of the water as waves break on the shore. But how is it that the human brain produces these impressions even when an individual isn’t actually standing on a beach, basking in the sun’s rays and listening to the sound of the waves?
How Does Drawing in Virtual Reality Affect the Brain?
Virtual reality (VR) is emerging as a tool in creative arts therapies. In one of the first studies of its kind, researchers examined the differences in prefrontal cortex activation between two distinct drawing tasks in VR, including with the introduction of a calming fragrance stimulus.
Physicists Simulate Artificial Brain Networks with New Quantum Materials
A team scientists has now simulated the foundation of new types of artificial intelligence computing devices that mimic brain functions, an achievement that resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown.
First Experimental Vaccine for Treating Opioid Disorder Is Being Tested
The first experimental vaccine to be tested in the United States for treatment of opioid use disorder is being studied in a phase 1a/1b clinical trial(link is external and opens in a new window) led by researchers at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons.
"Coinflip" Computing Could Help Solve Mysteries of Physics
Scientists at Sandia National Laboratories are creating a concept for a new kind of “probabilistic computer” that could help scientists analyze subatomic shrapnel inside particle colliders, simulate nuclear physics experiments and process images faster and more accurately than is possible with conventional computers.