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Motor cortex shown to play active role in learning movement patterns
News   May 04, 2014

Skilled motor movements of the sort tennis players employ while serving a tennis ball or pianists use in playing a concerto, require precise interactions between the motor cortex and the rest of the brain.

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DHA during pregnancy does not appear to improve cognitive outcomes for children
News   May 04, 2014

Although there are recommendations for pregnant women to increase their intake of the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to improve fetal brain development, a randomized trial finds that prenatal DHA supplementation did not result in improved cognitive, problem-solving or language abilities for children at four years of age, according to the study in the May 7 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on child health.

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Hyperfractionated radiation therapy improves local-regional control for patients with head, neck cancer
News   May 02, 2014

Patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck treated with hyperfractionated radiation therapy (HFX) experienced improved local-regional control and, with patients censored at five years, improved overall survival with no increase in late toxicity, according to a study published in the May 1, 2014 edition of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics (Red Journal), the official scientific journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

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MRI sensor allows neuroscientists to map neural activity with molecular precision
News   May 02, 2014

Launched in 2013, the American national BRAIN Initiative aims to revolutionize our understanding of cognition by mapping the activity of every neuron in the human brain, revealing how brain circuits interact to create memories, learn new skills, and interpret the world around us.

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Stem cells from teeth can make brain-like cells
News   May 02, 2014

University of Adelaide researchers have discovered that stem cells taken from teeth can grow to resemble brain cells, suggesting they could one day be used in the brain as a therapy for stroke.

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Studies Identify Spinal Cord Neurons that Control Skilled Limb Movement
News   May 02, 2014

Researchers have identified two types of neurons that enable the spinal cord to control skilled forelimb movement. The first is a group of excitatory interneurons that are needed to make accurate and precise movements; the second is a group of inhibitory interneurons necessary for achieving smooth movement of the limbs.

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Cognitive & brain reserves have long-term protective effect against cognitive decline in MS, researchers find
News   May 01, 2014

Study confirms prior research and shows that effects persist for years Multiple sclerosis researchers have found that brain reserve and cognitive reserve confer a long-term protective effect against cognitive decline.

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A fast-acting antidepressant appears within reach
News   May 01, 2014

Study in mice presented at Experimental Biology 2014 suggests drug could bring new benefits in treating depression by lifting mood within hours, plus offer sustained effectiveness For someone with depression in the midst of a crisis, there is no time to waste.

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MRI shows disrupted connections in the brains of young people with ADHD
News   May 01, 2014

A new study has found that children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have disrupted connections between different areas of the brain that are evident on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rfMRI).

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MRI-Guided Biopsy for Brain Cancer Improves Diagnosis
News   May 01, 2014

Neurosurgeons at UC San Diego Heath System have, for the first time, combined real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology with novel non-invasive cellular mapping techniques to develop a new biopsy approach that increases the accuracy of diagnosis for patients with brain cancer.

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