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Channel Makeover Bioengineered to Switch Off Neurons
News   Apr 28, 2014

Scientists have bioengineered, in neurons cultured from rats, an enhancement to a cutting edge technology that provides instant control over brain circuit activity with a flash of light. The research funded by the National Institutes of Health adds the same level of control over turning neurons off that, until now, had been limited to turning them on.

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Zinc supplementation shows promise in reducing cell stress after blasts
News   Apr 28, 2014

Each year, approximately 2 million traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) occur in the USA, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That number includes troops wounded in Iraq and Afghanistan, for whom TBI is considered an invisible wound of war, one that has few successful treatments.

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Connection Found Between Gene Mutation, Key Symptoms of Autism
News   Apr 27, 2014

Scientists have known that abnormal brain growth is associated with autism spectrum disorder. However, the relationship between the two has not been well understood.

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Seeking causes of hyperactivity
News   Apr 27, 2014

The 60 trillion cells that comprise our bodies communicate constantly.  Information travels when chemical compounds released by some cells are received by receptors in the membrane of another cell.

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Know your enemy: Oligomers' role in the development of Parkinson's
News   Apr 27, 2014

Researchers at Aarhusknowledge that is necessary if we are to understand and treat Parkinsonism. However, it also raises an existential question because part of the conclusion is that we do not live forever!

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Key regulator in the pacemakers of our brain and heart discovered
News   Apr 26, 2014

Biologists have discovered how an outer shield over T-type channels change the electrochemical signaling of heart and brain cells.  Understanding how these shields work will help researchers eventually develop a new class of drugs for treating epilepsy, cardiovascular disease and cancer.

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Controlling brain waves to improve vision
News   Apr 25, 2014

Researchers at the Beckman Institute are using a novel technique to test brain waves to see how the brain processes external stimuli that do and don’t reach our awareness.

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Oops! Researchers find neural signature for mistake correction
News   Apr 25, 2014

Culminating an 8 year search, scientists at the RIKEN-MIT Center for Neural Circuit Genetics captured an elusive brain signal underlying memory transfer and, in doing so, pinpointed the first neural circuit for "oops"—the precise moment when one becomes consciously aware of a self-made mistake and takes corrective action.

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Brain size matters when it comes to animal self-control
News   Apr 25, 2014

Chimpanzees may throw tantrums like toddlers, but their total brain size suggests they have more self-control than, say, a gerbil or fox squirrel, according to a new study of 36 species of mammals and birds ranging from orangutans to zebra finches.

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Genetic brain disorder in humans discovered
News   Apr 25, 2014

A newly identified genetic disorder associated with degeneration of the central and peripheral nervous systems in humans, along with the genetic cause, is reported in a recent issue of Cell.

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