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The Brain Tunes Itself Between Quiescence and Chaos
News   Oct 08, 2019

The criticality hypothesis asserts that the brain is poised on the fine line between quiescence and chaos, a point where information processing is maximized, by tuning the brain to maximum excitability. However, one of the key predictions of this theory -- that criticality is truly a set point, and not a mere inevitability -- had never been tested. Until now

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A Surprising Contributor to Multiple Sclerosis
News   Oct 08, 2019

New research has shown that cells previously ignored when studying multiple sclerosis are actually key contributors to its development.

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22.5% of Mice Exposed to E-cigarette Smoke With Nicotine Developed Cancer
News   Oct 08, 2019

A new study shows found that that 9 of 40 mice exposed to e-cigarette smoke with nicotine for 54 weeks developed lung cancer. None of the 20 mice from the study exposed to e-cigarette smoke without nicotine developed cancer.

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Researchers to develop ‘intelligent spinal interface’ with $6.3 million in DARPA funding
News   Oct 07, 2019

The test device will aim at bridging the gap in neural circuitry created by spinal cord injury, in the hope of restoring muscle control and sensation.

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Number of 65s and Older With Depression Unchanged in Last Two Decades, Antidepressant Use Doubled
News   Oct 07, 2019

The proportion of people aged over 65 on antidepressants has more than doubled in two decades – according to new research led by the University of East Anglia.

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Human Skulls Follow da Vinci's Golden Ratio
News   Oct 07, 2019

The Golden Ratio, described by Leonardo da Vinci and Luca Pacioli as the Divine Proportion, is an infinite number often found in nature, art and mathematics. It’s a pattern in pinecones, seashells, galaxies and hurricanes. A new study adds human skulls to that list.

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A Therapeutic Counterblow to Traumatic Brain Injury
News   Oct 07, 2019

The secondary effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can lead to long-term cognitive, psychological and motor system damage, that piqued the interest of a team of NJIT biomedical engineers. To counter them, they are developing a therapy, to be injected at the site of the injury, which shows early indications it can protect neurons and stimulate the regrowth of blood vessels in the damaged tissue.

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The Deep Brain Origins of Alzheimer's Disease
News   Oct 07, 2019

Accumulation of amyloid protein plaques begins far before symptoms like memory loss in Alzheimer's disease. Identifying the origins of these plaques is therefore a key research goal. A new study could help those efforts by pinpointing the regions with the earliest emergence of amyloid in the brain of a mouse model of the disease, a finding backed up by subsequent study of amyloid in the human brain.

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Brain Stimulation Shows Efficacy as Long-term Depression Treatment
News   Oct 07, 2019

A study found that deep brain stimulation of an area in the brain called the subcallosal cingulate provides a robust antidepressant effect that is sustained over a long period of time in patients with treatment-resistant depression—the most severely depressed patients who have not responded to other treatments.

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Anticipating a Presentation May Impact Your Memory
News   Oct 07, 2019

A new study has found that anticipating your own performance at work or school may hinder your ability to remember what happened before your presentation.

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