Dementia diagnosis twice as likely if older adult has schizophrenia; Cancer less likely
Researchers from Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University who followed over 30,000 older adults for a decade have found the rate of dementia diagnosis for patients with schizophrenia to be twice as high as for patients without this chronic, severe and disabling brain disorder.
Study Finds Nerve Damage After Hip Surgery May Be Due to Inflammation
A recent Mayo Clinic Proceedings article links some nerve damage after hip surgery to inflammatory neuropathy. Historically, nerve damage from hip surgery has been attributed to mechanical factors caused by anesthesiologists or surgeons, such as positioning of the patient during surgery or direct surgical injury of the nerves.
When wine hits the right nerve: Researchers decode mechanism for appreciation of the barrique character
If wine leaves a bitter, cotton-like coating on the tongue, neither the sense of taste nor the sense of smell is responsible. The traditional oak barrel character, also called barrique character, is perceived via the trigeminal nerve, which is responsible for, among other things, pain and temperature perception.
Being born 4-6 weeks premature can affect brain structure, function
The brains of children who were born just a few weeks early differ from those born on time, and these differences may affect learning and behavior, according to a study presented May 5, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Investigators Discover How Key Protein Enhances Memory and Learning
Case Western Reserve researchers have discovered that a protein previously implicated in disease plays such a positive role in learning and memory that it may someday contribute to cures of cognitive impairments.
Stimulant Drug May Help Women Cope with Post-Menopausal Memory Lapses
Menopausal women have long reported experiencing hot flashes, mood swings, night sweats and memory lapses, too.
Functioning of aged brains and muscles in mice made younger
More progress with GDF 11, anti-aging protein Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) researchers have shown that a protein they previously demonstrated can make the failing hearts in aging mice appear more like those of young health mice, similarly improves brain and skeletal muscle function in aging mice.
Motor cortex shown to play active role in learning movement patterns
Skilled motor movements of the sort tennis players employ while serving a tennis ball or pianists use in playing a concerto, require precise interactions between the motor cortex and the rest of the brain.
DHA during pregnancy does not appear to improve cognitive outcomes for children
Although there are recommendations for pregnant women to increase their intake of the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to improve fetal brain development, a randomized trial finds that prenatal DHA supplementation did not result in improved cognitive, problem-solving or language abilities for children at four years of age, according to the study in the May 7 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on child health.
Hyperfractionated radiation therapy improves local-regional control for patients with head, neck cancer
Patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck treated with hyperfractionated radiation therapy (HFX) experienced improved local-regional control and, with patients censored at five years, improved overall survival with no increase in late toxicity, according to a study published in the May 1, 2014 edition of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics (Red Journal), the official scientific journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).