Chemo-Radionuclide Therapy Halts Neuroendocrine Cancer
Advanced cancer of the neuroendocrine system can lead to dismal prognoses, but a novel therapy is packing a punch by uniting powerful radionuclide treatment and chemotherapy drugs, revealed researchers at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging's (SNMMI) 2014 Annual Meeting.
Specific gene linked to adult growth of brain cells, learning and memory
Learning and memory are regulated by a region of the brain known as the hippocampus. New research from City of Hope has found that stimulating a specific gene could prompt growth – in adults – of new neurons in this critical region, leading to faster learning and better memories.
To recover consciousness, brain activity passes through newly detected states
Anesthesia makes otherwise painful procedures possible by derailing a conscious brain, rendering it incapable of sensing or responding to a surgeon’s knife. But little research exists on what happens when the drugs wear off.
New research explains how we use the GPS inside our brain to navigate
The way we navigate from A to B is controlled by two brain regions which track the distance to our destination, according to new research funded by the Wellcome Trust and published in Current Biology.
Making artificial vision look more natural
NIH-funded study could help improve retinal prosthetic devices In laboratory tests, researchers have used electrical stimulation of retinal cells to produce the same patterns of activity that occur when the retina sees a moving object.
Biologists pave the way for improved epilepsy treatments
Discovery may lead to relief for victims of a range of neurological disorders University of Toronto biologists leading an investigation into the cells that regulate proper brain function, have identified and located the key players whose actions contribute to afflictions such as epilepsy and schizophrenia.
Longer telomeres linked to risk of brain cancer
A Double-Edged Sword, Gene Variants May Promote Overall Health while Increasing Risk of Gliomas New genomic research led by UC San Francisco (UCSF) scientists reveals that two common gene variants that lead to longer telomeres, the caps on chromosome ends thought by many scientists to confer health by protecting cells from aging, also significantly increase the risk of developing the deadly brain cancers known as gliomas.
A tiny molecule may help battle depression
Researchers find a small molecule that predicts treatment response for depressed patients Levels of a small molecule found only in humans and in other primates are lower in the brains of depressed individuals, according to researchers at McGill University and the Douglas Institute.
Three Gene Networks Discovered in Autism, May Present Treatment Targets
A large new analysis of DNA from thousands of patients has uncovered several underlying gene networks with potentially important roles in autism. These networks may offer attractive targets for developing new autism drugs or repurposing existing drugs that act on components of the networks.
Transplanted Fetal Stem Cells for Parkinson's Show Promise
Finding may lead to transplanting dopamine neurons taken from stem cells grown in labs Researchers at Harvard-affiliated McLean Hospital have found that fetal dopamine cells transplanted into the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease were able to remain healthy and functional for up to 14 years, a finding that could lead to new and better therapies for the illness.