High Levels of RANK Protein Interferes with the Differentiation of Mammary Cells
News Sep 11, 2013
Researchers of the Transformation and Metastasis research group at Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), led by Eva González-Suárez, have shown that overexpression of RANK signalling pathway interferes with the differentiation of the cells that form the mammary glands. This produces an accumulation of undifferentiated cells that finally leads to tumor development.
In previous studies, the laboratory of Eva Gonzalez-Suarez had already demonstrated that over activation of RANK signalling pathway promotes the initiation, progression and metastasis of tumors in breast epithelial cells.
In this article, published in the journal Stem Cells, researchers have extensively studied the role of RANK in the differentiation of breast cells from a transgenic mouse model that presents an over activaton of this pathway.
Mammary cell lineages
In a non-transgenic mouse, with normal levels of RANK, the cells of the ducts (tubes where circulates milk in the mammary glands) are differentiated into two lineages: the luminal cells that are oriented to the lumen of the duct and basal cells of lining.
"The two cell populations are well separated and tidy" explained Eva González-Suárez "but in genetically modified animals with high levels of expression of RANK was observed several abnormalities affecting the morphology: ducts are disorganized, do not form continuous layers of cells and they are not oriented as they should. "
Using various techniques, researchers have demonstrated that mice with overactivation of RANK pathway accumulate breast stem cells that have not differentiated cells with basal and luminal characteristics, ie intermediate progenitor cells that have not performed the differentiation process. "This accumulation" said Gonzalez-Suarez, "leads to the development of heterogeneous tumors."
The study also shows that in the unmodified mice as they age and after many pregnancies, naturally levels of RANK increase, which could explain that with age increases the risk of breast cancer.
Using Snail Mail to Deliver Tests Boost Colorectal Cancer ScreeningNews
By sending tests in the post, researchers boost colorectal cancer screeningREAD MORE
Mouse Study Suggests That Dietary Fat, Not Carbs, Drives ObesityNews
A mouse study that made over 100,000 measurements of body weight and fat has concluded that the sole driver of obesity in mice is increased dietary fat content.READ MORE
Testosterone Effective at Combating Cachexia in Cancer PatientsNews
Many cancer patients suffer from a loss of body mass known as cachexia. A new study shows that the hormone testosterone is effective at combatting cachexia in cancer patients and improving quality of life.READ MORE