We've updated our Privacy Policy to make it clearer how we use your personal data. We use cookies to provide you with a better experience. You can read our Cookie Policy here.

Advertisement

Psilocybin Could Be an Untapped Treatment for Many Psychiatric Conditions

Mushrooms.
Credit: Ali Bakhtiari / Unsplash.
Listen with
Speechify
0:00
Register for free to listen to this article
Thank you. Listen to this article using the player above.

Want to listen to this article for FREE?

Complete the form below to unlock access to ALL audio articles.

Read time: 1 minute

In a paper published in the Journal of Neurochemistry, Florey researchers found that despite a recent “research explosion” into the naturally occurring psychoactive substance found in magic mushrooms, how it works remains poorly understood and needs to be subject of rigorous scientific research.


Lead author James Gattuso said the team, led by Dr Thibault Renoir at The Florey, systematically reviewed 34 preclinical scientific papers published since 2000 to help shape the future direction of psilocybin research.

“Psilocybin shows the greatest efficacy for mood disorders such as depression and anxiety. It also shows exciting therapeutic potential for obsessive compulsive disorder, addiction, and fear-related disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder and phobias.”

Want more breaking news?

Subscribe to Technology Networks’ daily newsletter, delivering breaking science news straight to your inbox every day.

Subscribe for FREE

“Psilocybin has been found to be as safe if not safer than ketamine, which is FDA-approved for treatment-resistant depression. However, when taken recreationally, psilocybin is not only illegal but can carry significant health risks and concerns particularly for people with existing mental health conditions,” Mr Gattuso said.


He said future research should explore safe and long-term effects of psilocybin treatment.


The review identified a variety of important future research directions, noting researchers could consider:

  • Investigating how psilocybin affects the gut-brain axis which enables two-way biochemical signalling to take place between the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system and is known to be relevant to several neuropsychiatric conditions.
  • Studying whether any benefits are due to psilocybin’s hallucinogenic properties or to other physiological factors.
  • Working with genetically-engineered animal models as these allow researchers to understand the complex interaction between genes and environment and their impacts on behaviour.

“We focused on preclinical psilocybin research because such studies can tightly control behavioural experiments, are less impacted by placebo effects and enable biochemical processes to be understood” Mr Gattuso said.


The researchers also found that psilocybin can robustly increase the strength of synaptic connections while also altering the way key brain networks ‘talk’ to each other.


Psilocybin was reclassified by the Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia in July this year to allow prescription for patients with treatment-resistant depression, while the American Food and Drug Administration has classified it as a “breakthrough therapy”.


The researchers concur that a limitation of the field is that the studies that were systematically reviewed contained large variability in study design such as the disease model, dosages used and behavioural tests applied. Therefore, much more research is needed to identify new treatments, including psilocybin and related drugs, for a variety of major psychiatric disorders.


Reference: Gattuso JJ, Wilson C, Hannan AJ, Renoir T. Psilocybin as a lead candidate molecule in preclinical therapeutic studies of psychiatric disorders: A systematic review. J Neurochem. 2023:jnc.16017. doi: 10.1111/jnc.16017


This article has been republished from the following materials. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.