Wyatt’s Eclipse Achieves Separation of Protein Aggregates Associated with Neurodegenerative Diseases
News Apr 13, 2006
A recent application by the NIAID Laboratory of Persistent Viral Diseases, Hamilton, Montana, demonstrates that Wyatt Technology’s Eclipse Field Flow Fractionation (FFF) system achieves size-based separation of protein aggregates associated with neurodegenerative diseases.
The findings of this analysis are of particular interest for molecular biology, nanotechnology and environmental analyses and are detailed in a free of charge application note from Wyatt.
Neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) are often marked by abnormal protein deposits in the brains of afflicted individuals.
Successful size-based separation of these aggregates, which can range from small protein oligomers to large amyloid fibrils, has been a challenge for traditional methods such as Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC), Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (PAGE) and ultracentrifugation.
In both SEC and PAGE, large aggregates may be caught up in and/or subjected to shearing forces by the stationary phase, while ultracentrifugation techniques provide relatively limited resolution.
Wyatt’s Eclipse is designed to overcome the limitations of conventional column chromatography being able to separate both soluble and colloidal components over a wide size range.
Especially for proteins, the Eclipse is ideal since shearing forces and sample interactions with a stationary phase are completely absent. The end result is an ultra-high resolution separation.
For this particular application, the Eclipse was used to separate a collection of prion protein aggregates, which were analyzed on line by the 18-angle DAWN EOS MALS (Multi-Angle Light Scattering), Optilab and WyattQELS (Quasi-Elastic Light Scattering) instruments to obtain weight-average molar mass (Mw), radii of gyration (rg), and hydrodynamic radii (rh). value) was also obtained by Particle shape information comparing the ratio rg /rh.
The results demonstrated that the fractionated aggregates contained a wide range of Mw values (less than 105 to greater than 107 Da), rg values ranging from under 10 nm to approximately 300 nm and rh values from roughly 5 nm to 50 nm.
Values for P indicated that the aggregates in the early eluting fractions were fairly compact while structures at the end of the elution were highly elongated.
With the ability to fractionate and characterize the molar mass, radii and shape of a wide range of particle sizes, the Eclipse system in conjunction with MALS and QELS instruments has proven an extremely valuable tool for the study of protein aggregates associated with neurodegenerative diseases.
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