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Nicole is a freelance writer specializing in biology, health, and technology. Before beginning her career as a writer, Nicole received her undergraduate degree in Organismal Biology from Scripps College in California. It was here that her passion for holistic health and wellness began, which led to a previous position as a nutrition and wellness coach and expanded to freelance health writing. You can find her articles on Technology Networks, Everyday Health, Health, CannaMD, and CBD Hacker.

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Published Content
Total: 18
A prokaryote and eukaryotic cell, compared and contrasted

Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes: What Are the Key Differences?

Every living organism falls into one of two groups: eukaryotes or prokaryotes. Cellular structure determines which group an organism belongs to. In this article, we will explain in detail what prokaryotes and eukaryotes are and outline the differences between the two.

A progenitor cell differentiating into two specialized cells.

What are Progenitor Cells? Exploring Neural, Myeloid and Hematopoietic Progenitor Cells

In this guide, we explore what progenitor cells are, how they differ from stem cells, and their key properties that makes them useful in the body.
An analyte shown as a red circle, with an antibody attached. Coming from the antibody is a yellow light or dye.

Immunoassays: A Guide

Immunoassays are a valuable tool in industry and the life sciences. These tests are to thank for better disease treatments, safer food and water and advances in biological research. In this guide, we will delve into immunoassays, explaining what they are, the different types and their applications.
A diagram showing the locations of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion in the body.

What Is ADME?

ADME is the abbreviation for absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion. ADME studies are designed to investigate how a chemical (e.g., a drug compound) is processed by a living organism. Toxicology tests are often a part of this process, yielding the acronym ADMET.
A black and white image of a doctor testing a child.

Active vs Passive Immunity: Differences and Definition

Immunity enables the body to protect itself from an infectious disease. In this article, we compare and contrast two types of acquired immunity: active and passive immunity.

Innate vs Adaptive Immunity

The immune system protects us via numerous pathways that can broadly be broken down into two arms, innate immunity and adaptive immunity. In this article, we explore both aspects of the immune response and their role in protecting us.

Molarity vs Molality: Formula and Definitions

Both molarity and molality are measures of a chemical solution’s concentration. The primary difference between the two comes down to mass versus volume. Read on to learn more about molarity and molality, including their definitions, equations, and a comparison of the two terms.

Exocytosis diagram

Endocytosis and Exocytosis: Differences and Similarities

Endocytosis and exocytosis are the processes by which cells move materials into or out of the cell that are too large to directly pass through the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane. In this article, we look at the differences between endocytosis and exocytosis.
The stages of metastasis.

Circulating Tumor Cells: Detection and Applications

In this article we explore circulating tumor cells (CTCs) asking what they are, why they are so valuable and how they are being used in modern oncology.
A diagram of an antibody. There is a label for affinity and a label for avidity, pointing to different parts of the molecule.

Affinity vs Avidity

In this article, we will highlight what affinity and avidity are, how they function in the human body, the differences between the two and how they are exploited in scientific techniques.