Retinal ganglion cell
Editor's Pics Jan 05, 2017
False-colored scanning electron micrograph of an isolated retinal ganglion cell.
This is a type of neuron typically located near the inner surface of the retina of the eye that receives visual information from photoreceptors via two intermediate neuron types.
Retinal ganglion cells collectively transmit visual information from the retina to several regions in the thalamus, hypothalamus, and midbrain.
They vary significantly in terms of their size, connections, and responses to visual stimulation but they all share the defining property of having a long axon that extends into the brain.
These axons form the optic nerve, optic chiasm, and optic tract.