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Eating Activates Calorie-Burning Fat
Eating Activates Calorie-Burning Fat
News   Jun 21, 2018

The importance of the human brown adipose tissue (BAT) has become clearer during the past ten years. Coldness is one of the most effective activators of the BAT metabolic function but, in rodents, eating has also been shown to activate BAT. The debate on whether eating has the same effect on humans has lasted for decades. Now, the researchers at Turku PET Centre have proven that having a meal increases oxygen consumption in human BAT to the same extent as coldness.

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Simple Sugar Prevents Neurodegeneration in Lysosomal Storage Disease
Simple Sugar Prevents Neurodegeneration in Lysosomal Storage Disease
News   Jun 21, 2018

New therapeutic approach may one day delay neurodegeneration typical of a disease called mucopolysaccharidoses IIIB (MPS IIIB)

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Protein Turnover Rates Differ Across the Brain
Protein Turnover Rates Differ Across the Brain
News   Jun 19, 2018

Scientists have revealed that protein molecules in the brain are broken down and replaced at different rates, depending on where in the brain they are.

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Improved Method for Isolating Extracellular RNA
Improved Method for Isolating Extracellular RNA
News   Jun 13, 2018

In a breakthrough that could lead to powerful new ways to diagnose and track a wide range of medical conditions, scientists at The Rockefeller University have devised an improved method for isolating and identifying tiny fragments of RNA in human blood products.

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Mechanism by Which Alpha Synuclein Causes Cell Death in Parkinson's Identified
Mechanism by Which Alpha Synuclein Causes Cell Death in Parkinson's Identified
News   Jun 13, 2018

Detailed brain cell analysis has helped researchers uncover new mechanisms thought to underlie Parkinson's disease.

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Algorithm Helps Diagnose Zika Using Biomarkers
Algorithm Helps Diagnose Zika Using Biomarkers
News   Jun 13, 2018

A platform that can diagnose several diseases with a high degree of precision using metabolic markers found in patients’ blood has been developed by scientists at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in Brazil.

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Nasal Brush Test to Diagnose Asthma
Nasal Brush Test to Diagnose Asthma
News   Jun 12, 2018

Mount Sinai researchers have identified a genetic biomarker of asthma that can be tested for using a simple nasal brush and basic follow-up data analysis.

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Retrained Enzyme is Biocatalysis Milestone
Retrained Enzyme is Biocatalysis Milestone
News   Jun 12, 2018

TU Graz researchers managed for the first time ever to ‘retrain’ an enzyme to build ring-shaped molecular structures instead of performing its natural task of reducing double bonds. The work was published in Angewandte Chemie, and is relevant for the production of pharmaceuticals and plant protection products.

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Protein that Makes Aggressive Mice Violent Found in Brain's Reward Area
Protein that Makes Aggressive Mice Violent Found
News   Jun 12, 2018

This finding suggests the possibility of reducing aggression by targeting a protein associated with addiction in a reward region of the brain.

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Bacterial Chaperone Structure Disentangled
Bacterial Chaperone Structure Disentangled
News   Jun 11, 2018

The structure of a protein called ClpB that helps to disentangle toxic aggregations like those found in Alzheimer's Disease has been visualized in unprecedented detail, giving information on exactly how ClpB tackles aggregated proteins

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