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Latest News

A model of a brain and a brain cell.

APOE4 Risk Gene Undermines Neuronal Insulation Process

Researchers have described how the APOE4 gene causes brain cells to mismanage cholesterol, resulting in myelin deficiency, which could be a contributing factor in Alzheimer's disease development.
An image of a cell.

Enzymes Could Encourage DNA To Spontaneously Mutate

Scientists found that the part of the process by which DNA replicates itself happens at speeds 100 times faster than previously predicted. This finding sheds new light on the assumed theory that suggests quantum effects would not survive long enough to be impacted by the replication process.
An image of the brain.

Study Is First To Use Post-Mortem Human Brain Tissue To Investigate ADHD

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have successfully identified differences in gene activity in the brains of people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
An artistic recreation of long helical fibrils being formed by alpha-synuclein proteins.

Lipids Influence the Formation of Protein Clumps in Parkinson’s

For the first time, researchers have shown how lipids influence the arrangement of the synuclein proteins within fibrils, which could damage nerve cells in neurodegenerative disease.
A green caterpillar.

28 Million-Year-Old Gene Protects Today’s Plants Against Caterpillars

The defence mechanisms plants use to recognise and respond to a common pest – the caterpillar – has arisen from a single gene that evolved over millions of years, according to a report.
Young girl asleep on a bed cuddling a soft toy.

Cellular Signature Discovered That Can Detect Pediatric Sleep Apnea

Researchers have discovered how obstructive sleep apnea changes the profiles of immune cells in the blood, leading to a unique cellular signature that can accurately detect obstructive sleep apnea in children.
Blood glucose testing kit and insulin syringe.

Measuring Levels of Three Proteins in the Blood Can Aid Detection of Undiagnosed Prediabetes

Scientists have used a proteomics approach to identify a three-protein signature in the blood that can improve detection of isolated impaired glucose tolerance, a form of prediabetes.
A digitally colorized image of several influenza A virions.

Why Older People Are More Susceptible to the Flu

Researchers have identified that increased levels of an immune modulator in the lungs as we age contributes to the loss of macrophages that protect us from the flu, making older people more susceptible.
An artistic recreation of the human large and small intestine on a black background.

Gut Microbiome Plays a Key Role in Shaping Our Metabolome

According to research, the gut microbiome is largely responsible for the variation in circulating blood metabolites across people.
Rod-shaped gut bacteria.

Susceptibility to HIV Infection May Be Impacted by Gut Bacteria

New research suggests certain gut bacteria – including one that is essential for a healthy gut microbiome – differ between people who go on to acquire HIV infection compared to those who have not become infected.